EGU24-6324, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Miocene basaltic lavas from Chios Island: Petrogenetic implications

Lemonia Kalantzi1, Vasileios Giamas1, Petros Koutsovitis1, Petros Petrounias1, Christoph Hauzenberger2, and Theodoros Ntaflos3
Lemonia Kalantzi et al.
  • 1Department of Geology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece (
  • 2NAWI Graz Geocenter, Universität Graz, Graz, Austria
  • 3Department of Lithospheric Research, Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria

Extensional processes related to subduction initiation stages often result in the formation of back-arc basins. In central Anatolia and the northern-central Aegean, the main lithotypes geochemically correspond to high-K calk-alkaline rocks that formed during the Early Miocene, while volcanism in the Middle Miocene was predominantly Na-rich. The latter lithotypes were in most cases significantly affected by differentiation processes. On the island of Chios, volcanism is comprised of lithotypes that vary significantly from alkali basalts to rhyolites. In particular, the Pyrgi lavas are fine-grained with typical porphyritic and seriate textures, which are classified as alkali basalts according to the AFM ternary plot. These lavas also exhibit positive anomalies in PM-normalized P, Sr, and Pb elements and significant enrichments in LILE (i.e., Cs, Rb, Ba), presenting a probable interaction with subduction melts. The negative correlation between SiO2 contents and the Nb/Yb ratio indicates that crustal contamination did not play a significant role during differentiation. Crystallization appears to be under extremely dry conditions due to the absence of hydrous phases (e.g., amphibole). The presence of MORB signature spinel crystals suggests the implication of a MORB-type source. In the case of Chios, the high Nb tholeiites can be associated with petrogenetic processes in which OIB-related melts interacted with the previously metasomatized mantle wedge, confirming the back-arc extension of the Northern Aegean during the Miocene and possibly to mantle delamination in the western Anatolia region.


This work is part of the first author's MSc. research, which is financially supported by the «Andreas Mentzelopoulos Foundation».

How to cite: Kalantzi, L., Giamas, V., Koutsovitis, P., Petrounias, P., Hauzenberger, C., and Ntaflos, T.: Miocene basaltic lavas from Chios Island: Petrogenetic implications, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-6324,, 2024.