EGU24-6419, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Africa's Climate Response to Marine Cloud Brightening

Romaric C. Odoulami1, Haruki Hirasawa2, Kouakou Kouadio3, Trisha D. Patel1, Kwesi A. Quagraine4, Izidine Pinto5, Temitope S. Egbebiyi6, Babatunde J. Abiodun6, Christopher Lennard6, and Mark G. New1
Romaric C. Odoulami et al.
  • 1African Climate and Development Initiative, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 2School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
  • 3Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics and Fluid Mechanics, University Felix Houphouet-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
  • 4National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • 5Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, The Netherlands
  • 6Climate System Analysis Group (CSAG), Environmental and Geographical Science Department, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Climate intervention through solar radiation modification is one proposed method for reducing climate risks from anthropogenic warming. Marine Cloud Brightening (MCB), one such approach, proposes to inject sea salt aerosol into a regional marine boundary layer to increase marine clouds' reflectivity. This study assessed the potential influence of four MCB experiments on the climate in Africa using simulations from the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) with the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM6). Four idealised MCB experiments were performed with the CESM2(CAM6) model under a medium-range background forcing scenario (SSP2-4.5) by setting cloud droplet number concentrations to 600 cm-3 over three subtropical ocean regions: (a) Northeast Pacific (MCBNEP); (b) Southeast Pacific (MCBSEP); (c) Southeast Atlantic (MCBSEA); and (d) the combination of these three regions (MCBALL). The CESM2(CAM6) model reproduces the observed spatial distribution and seasonal cycle of precipitation and minimum and maximum temperatures over Africa and its climatic zones well. The results suggest that MCBSEP would induce the strongest global cooling effect and thus could be the most effective in decreasing (increasing) temperatures (precipitation) and associated extremes across most parts of the continent, especially over West Africa, in the future (2035-2054) while other regions could remain warmer or dryer compared to the historical climate (1995-2014). While the projected changes under MCBALL are similar to those of MCBSEP, MCBNEP and MCBSEA could result in more warming and, in some regions of Africa, create a warmer future than under SSP2-4.5. Also, all MCB experiments are more effective in cooling maximum temperature and related extremes than minimum temperature and related extremes. These findings further suggest that the climate impacts of MCB in Africa are highly sensitive to the deployment region.

How to cite: Odoulami, R. C., Hirasawa, H., Kouadio, K., Patel, T. D., Quagraine, K. A., Pinto, I., Egbebiyi, T. S., Abiodun, B. J., Lennard, C., and New, M. G.: Africa's Climate Response to Marine Cloud Brightening, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-6419,, 2024.