EGU24-8313, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Mantle Transition Zone (MTZ) beneath the contiguous US revealed by ambient noise cross-correlations

Yongki Andita Aiman, Yang Lu, and Götz Bokelmann
Yongki Andita Aiman et al.
  • Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria (

Understanding the nature of the Mantle Transition Zone (MTZ) can foster our knowledge about the dynamics of the Earth, especially related to the vertical heat and mass exchange between the upper and the lower mantle. The MTZ, characterized by seismic-velocity discontinuities at depths of 410 km and 660 km, is conventionally studied using seismic waves emitted by earthquakes. However, this approach suffers from a typically uneven distribution of earthquakes, biases in earthquake location, and the complexity of earthquake processes.

In this study, we used body waves retrieved from ambient noise correlations to map the mantle transition zone beneath the US. We analyzed cross-correlation functions from more than 3500 seismic stations, including the EarthScope USArray stations during its deployment time frame between 2004 and 2013. We obtained clear short period (<10 s) P410P and P660P reflection phases by using a stacking strategy that considers global noise wave field data selection. This allows us to image the MTZ at an unprecedented high resolution, providing new constraints that can shed light on the tectonic history and the mantle dynamics in this area.

How to cite: Aiman, Y. A., Lu, Y., and Bokelmann, G.: Mantle Transition Zone (MTZ) beneath the contiguous US revealed by ambient noise cross-correlations, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-8313,, 2024.