The emphasis of the session is on all aspects of plasma physics and interactions of solar and stellar wind interactions with planets and exoplanets, including: (a) magnetospheric dynamics, aurorae, and radio emissions (b) potential impact of star-(exo-)planet coupling on habitability, (c) comparative studies between Solar System planets and exoplanets. We welcome contributions relying on space-based or ground-based observations as well as theoretical modelling and simulations.
The TRAPPIST-1 system constists of at least seven Earth-like planets orbiting a red dwarf star. Little is known about the atmospheres of these planets, or whether they were even able to keep them during their lifetime. Since the stellar wind of M dwarf stars is strong enough to evaporate the atmospheres of close-in habitable zone planets, we found it essential to give an estimate on the non-thermal atmospheric escape loss rates on the TRAPPIST-1 planets. Magnetospheres are known to have important roles in these processes, such as providing an obstacle for the stellar wind, but they also permit escape through the polar regions. While some escape mechanisms, like sputtering and ion pickup can be significantly limited given a strong planetary magnetospere, polar wind outflow on the other hand can enhance the total escape rates. In order to account for the effects of magnetic fields, we estimated the magnetic dipole moments, surface magnetic field strength, magnetospheric standoff distances and polar cap areas on all seven planets. We used our calculated dipole moments as input parameters in our simulations to estimate the non-thermal escape loss rates.
How to cite:
Boldog, Á., Dobos, V., and Kiss, L.: Non-thermal escape on magnetized planets in the TRAPPIST-1 system, Europlanet Science Congress 2020, online, 21 Sep–9 Oct 2020, EPSC2020-702, https://doi.org/10.5194/epsc2020-702, 2020.
Helen Middleton, Harri Laakso, Arnaud Masson, and Xavier Vallières
The WHISPER (Waves of HIgh frequency and Sounder for Probing of Electron density by Relaxation) instrument is part of the WEC (Wave Experiment Consortium) of the ongoing Cluster mission, launched almost 20 years ago in 2000. It uses the long double sphere electric dipole antennas of the EFW (Electric Field and Wave) instrument to measure the electric field spectra in the frequency range 2-80 kHz.
The characteristic signatures of natural or actively triggered waves indicate the nature of the ambient plasma regime and, combined with the spacecraft position, reveals the position of key magnetospheric boundaries encountered during a specific time interval.
Most of the time, WHISPER observes natural waves in the 2-80 kHz band, using one of the two EFW antennae pairs: Ey or Ez, which can have different characteristics. After successive technical problems with the EFW sensors, the receiving antenna had to be changed on 3 of the 4 spacecraft over the years, and Cluster 1 (C1) WHISPER measurements are currently being made with only one probe (the spacecraft acts as the second probe).
In order to understand the signals observed by the WHISPER experiment, one needs to know the instrumental noise floor, around which the measurements are meaningless. It is a frequent feature of wave detectors that this noise floor is temporally static - it does not degrade with time. However, what this noise floor actually is, and how its behaviour changes around the failure of probes and switching to other probes is the purpose of this study.
The NATURAL spectra were processed orbit by orbit, in order to avoid strong emissions from any one region, then the minimum value for the low-energy spectra was picked out for each frequency. Individually, these show a large amount of variation, but the median of 20 orbits gives a very reproducible curve showing how the noise floor varies with frequency. The periods before, during and after probe failures and configuration changes were investigated and show the limited changes to the curves and strength of interference lines.
How to cite:
Middleton, H., Laakso, H., Masson, A., and Vallières, X.: Determination of the Noise Floor of the WHISPER instrument on Cluster, Europlanet Science Congress 2020, online, 21 Sep–9 Oct 2020, EPSC2020-627, https://doi.org/10.5194/epsc2020-627, 2020.
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