Europlanet Science Congress 2021
Virtual meeting
13 – 24 September 2021
Europlanet Science Congress 2021
Virtual meeting
13 September – 24 September 2021
EPSC Abstracts
Vol. 15, EPSC2021-194, 2021
European Planetary Science Congress 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

HST WFC3 G141 data analysis: exploring the transition from Super-Earth to Sub-Neptune

Amélie Gressier1,2,3, Emmanuel Marcq1, Jean-Philippe Beaulieu2, and Benjamin Charnay3
Amélie Gressier et al.
  • 1LATMOS, CNRS, Sorbonne Université UVSQ, 11 boulevard d’Alembert, F-78280 Guyancourt, France
  • 2IAP, Sorbonne Université, UPMC Université Paris 6 et CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
  • 3LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France

Exoplanets with size between the Earth and Neptune (1-4R⊕) do not have any equivalent in our Solar System and remain challenging to characterize. Yet, there are ubiquitous in the Galaxy and Fulton et al. (2017) showed that their distribution (number of planets per star vs radius) is bimodal highlighting a gap in the number of planets around 1.7R⊕. Planets with a radius below 1.7R⊕ are thought to be mostly rocky planets, and called Super-Earth, above this limit planets are most likely made of gas and called Sub-Neptune. We made use of the available data from the Hubble Space Telescope in Near-Infrared (HST WFC3 G141) and gathered 18 transmission spectra of planets with size below 6 R⊕ to study the transition between rocky and gaseous planets. First, we used TauREx3 (Al-Refaie et al. 2019), a Bayesian retrieval code, to rule out atmospheric scenarios. We proved that a primary clear atmosphere dominated by Hydrogen and Helium is rejected with more than 3σ for a large majority of planets in the sample. Then, we measured the amplitude of the spectra in the water absorption band (around 1.4μm) and compared observational values to simulated ones using a self-consistent modeling code ExoREM (Baudino et al. 2015; Charnay et al. 2018). We explored the connection between the water absorption amplitudes and the temperature by setting the stellar and planetary parameters to those of HD 3167 c (2.7 R⊕, 8.33 M⊕) and trying different metallicities (1, 10, 100 and 1000 x solar), cloud compositions and temperatures (300-1200K).

How to cite: Gressier, A., Marcq, E., Beaulieu, J.-P., and Charnay, B.: HST WFC3 G141 data analysis: exploring the transition from Super-Earth to Sub-Neptune, European Planetary Science Congress 2021, online, 13–24 Sep 2021, EPSC2021-194,, 2021.

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