Europlanet Science Congress 2021
Virtual meeting
13 – 24 September 2021
Europlanet Science Congress 2021
Virtual meeting
13 September – 24 September 2021
EPSC Abstracts
Vol. 15, EPSC2021-35, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/epsc2021-35
European Planetary Science Congress 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Young Suns Exoplanet Survey: imaging infant planets around young, solar analogs

Matthew Kenworthy1, Alexander Bohn1, Christian Ginski2, Maddalena Reggiani3, Tiffany Meshkat4, Eric Mamajek5,6, Mark Pecaut7, and Frans Snik1
Matthew Kenworthy et al.
  • 1Leiden Observatory, Leiden Observatory, Leiden, Netherlands (kenworthy@strw.leidenuniv.nl)
  • 2Sterrenkundig Instituut Anton Pannekoek, Science Park 904, 1098XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 3Institute of Astronomy, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
  • 4IPAC, California Institute of Technology, M/C 100-22, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena CA 91125, USA
  • 5Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, M/S 321-100, Pasadena CA 91109, USA
  • 6Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester NY 14627, USA
  • 7Rockhurst University, Department of Physics, 1100 Rockhurst Road, Kansas City MO 64110, USA

Within the Young Suns Exoplanet Survey (YSES) we are observing a homogeneous sample of 70 solar-mass members of the approximately 16 Myr-old Lower Centaurus-Crux subgroup of the Scorpius-Centaurus association to search for sub-stellar companions.

High-contrast imaging observations with VLT/SPHERE/IRDIS revealed (i) a shadowed transition disk around Wray 15-788 that shows significant signs of ongoing planet formation and (ii) one of the lowest-mass companions imaged to date: YSES-2 b has a mass of 6.5 Jupiter masses and is orbiting its solar-mass primary at a separation of 110 au. Most intriguing, though, was (iii) the discovery of the first directly imaged multi-planet system around a Sun-like star. The detection of two gas-giant companions of 14±3 and 6±1 Jupiter masses that are orbiting YSES-1 (TYC 8998-760-1) at separations of 160 au and 320 au, respectively, provides important implications for the outer architecture of planetary systems and the underlying formation mechanisms.

In addition to the SPHERE observations, we identified further companions to our ‘Young Suns’ outside the instrument’s field of view in the third early data release of the Gaia mission. Based on parallaxes and proper motions provided in this catalogue, we detected eight additional sub-stellar companions at separations larger than 500 au amongst our sample.

By combining Gaia astrometry with the high-contrast imaging capabilities of SPHERE, our survey will provide a complete census of wide-orbit sub-stellar companions for a statistically highly significant sample of young, solar analogues. From the current results we derived a preliminary probability of 14.3±3.1% for our solar-type stars to host wide-orbit, sub-stellar companions. As follow-up observations of 45 YSES targets are still pending, this ratio can be interpreted as a lower limit, which is tentatively indicating a higher companion yield than previous surveys.

How to cite: Kenworthy, M., Bohn, A., Ginski, C., Reggiani, M., Meshkat, T., Mamajek, E., Pecaut, M., and Snik, F.: The Young Suns Exoplanet Survey: imaging infant planets around young, solar analogs, European Planetary Science Congress 2021, online, 13–24 Sep 2021, EPSC2021-35, https://doi.org/10.5194/epsc2021-35, 2021.

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