GC10-Pliocene-39, updated on 10 Jan 2024
The warm Pliocene: Bridging the geological data and modelling communities
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Global impacts of a subaerial Barents Sea on the mid-Pliocene climate

Xu Zhang1, Yong Sun1, Yongqiang Yu2, Øyvind Lien3, Berit Hjelstuen3, Christian Stepanek4, Evan Gowan5, Daniel Hill6, Shengqian Chen1, and Siqi Li1
Xu Zhang et al.
  • 1Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 3Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen
  • 4Alfred Wegener Institute – Helmholtz Centre for Marine and Polar Research
  • 5Kumamoto University
  • 6School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds

A long-standing challenge for mid-Pliocene climate simulations is large underestimation of simulated surface warming in the Nordic Seas in comparison to sea surface temperature (SST) proxy records (e.g. Dowsett et al., 2013; McClymont et al., 2020). Previous modelling studies have proposed that geographic changes in the Barents-Kara Sea are of great importance for surface temperature change in the Nordic Seas (e.g., Hill, 2015). That is, changing the Barents Sea from a marine to a subaerial setting can give rise to evident warming in the Nordic Seas. Nevertheless, this geographic change has so far not been well considered in the Pliocene Modelling Intercomparison Project (Haywood et al., 2016 a,b), potentially due to the lack of quantitative reconstruction of this paleogeographic change. Recently, Lien et al. (2022) provided such reconstruction, which enables a test of the impact of a subaerial Barents Sea on mid-Pliocene climate. Based on iCESM1.2, we accordingly conducted sensitivity experiments where we changed bathymetry in the eastern Nordic Sea and topography in the Barents-Kara Sea region in a setup of otherwise unaltered PRISM4 mid-Pliocene boundary conditions (Dowsett et al., 20016). Our results hint that a subaerial Barents-Kara Sea might contribute to a reduction of the data-model SST mismatch during the mid-Pliocene.


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How to cite: Zhang, X., Sun, Y., Yu, Y., Lien, Ø., Hjelstuen, B., Stepanek, C., Gowan, E., Hill, D., Chen, S., and Li, S.: Global impacts of a subaerial Barents Sea on the mid-Pliocene climate, The warm Pliocene: Bridging the geological data and modelling communities, Leeds, United Kingdom, 23–26 Aug 2022, GC10-Pliocene-39, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-gc10-pliocene-39, 2022.