GSTM2020-23
https://doi.org/10.5194/gstm2020-23
GRACE/GRACE-FO Science Team Meeting 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The GRACEFUL project : probing the Earth’s deep interior with satellite observations of the gravity field, magnetic field and earth’s rotation

Julia Pfeffer1, Anny Cazenave2, Mioara Mandea3, Véronique Dehant4, and Anne Barnoud1
Julia Pfeffer et al.
  • 1Magellium, Toulouse, France (julia.pfeffer@magellium.fr)
  • 2Laboratoire d’Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales, Toulouse, France
  • 3Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France
  • 4Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium

Convective motions in the Earth’s liquid core are known to  generate temporal variations of the magnetic field and of the length of day. Mass redistribution associated with these motions and exchange of matter with the lower mantle at the core mantle boundary (CMB) may eventually also contribute to the temporal variations of the gravity field, possibly detectable in the data of the GRACE and GRACE Follow On missions. In a pioneering work, Mandea et al., 2012 detected compelling spatio-temporal correlations at interannual time scale between the gravity and magnetic fields measured respectively by the GRACE and CHAMP satellite missions. These correlations were later interpreted by these authors as the results of physico-chemical interactions between the core and the mantle at the CMB. While such mechanisms are plausible, their mere existence, order of magnitude and  time scales remain an open question. Here we present the  GRACEFUL project, recently selected by the  "Synergy" programme of the European Research Council, which objective is to  explore in more detail the previously reported observations described above, in particular the interannual co-variations of the magnetic and gravity fields, as well as their link with deep Earth processes.  This presentation is focussed on the  gravity field component, in particular on the search for the deep Earth signal that we hope to be able to detect in the  GRACE/GRACE FO data,  after removing all other contributions due to water mass redistributions  occuring in the surface fluid evelopes, as well as  unrelated solid Earth signals associated with the Glacial Isostatic Adjustment and large earthquakes.

How to cite: Pfeffer, J., Cazenave, A., Mandea, M., Dehant, V., and Barnoud, A.: The GRACEFUL project : probing the Earth’s deep interior with satellite observations of the gravity field, magnetic field and earth’s rotation, GRACE/GRACE-FO Science Team Meeting 2020, online, 27 October–29 Oct 2020, GSTM2020-23, https://doi.org/10.5194/gstm2020-23, 2020