10th International Conference on Geomorphology
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

On the impact of Saharan dust addition to sedimentary units

György Varga1, János Kovács2,3, Fruzsina Gresina1,4, and Zoltán Szalai1,4
György Varga et al.
  • 1Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Budapest, Hungary (varga.gyorgy@csfk.org)
  • 2Department of Geology & Meteorology, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
  • 3Environmental Analytical & Geoanalytical Research Group, Szentágothai Research Centre, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
  • 4Department of Environmental and Landscape Geography, Eötvös University, Budapest, Hungary

Annual emission of mineral dust from Saharan sources can be set into the range of 1-5 billion tons per year. Besides several other climatic and environmental effects, fine-grained dust addition to clastic sedimentary units (aeolinites, loess-paleosol sequences, sand sheets) has a definite impact on the granulometric properties of these deposits. Interpretation of grain size data is greatly affected if all these factors are ignored.

Here we present an overview of Saharan dust addition to loess-paleosol sequences with special attention to interglacial paleosols. According to our findings on modern Saharan dust events and dust deposition in Central Europe, the mass accumulation of North African dust is around 3-5 g/m2/year. Stratigraphic and sedimentary data of loess-paleosol sequences allowed the determination of the relative contribution of Saharan dust to interglacial paleosols. Saharan dust material represents 20-30% of the clay- and fine silts-sized population of peodogene units of loess sections.

Support of the National Research, Development and Innovation Office (Hungary) under contract NKFIH FK138692 is gratefully acknowledged.

How to cite: Varga, G., Kovács, J., Gresina, F., and Szalai, Z.: On the impact of Saharan dust addition to sedimentary units, 10th International Conference on Geomorphology, Coimbra, Portugal, 12–16 Sep 2022, ICG2022-533, https://doi.org/10.5194/icg2022-533, 2022.