10th International Conference on Geomorphology
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Major deglaciation of Young Sound-Tyrolerfjord (NE Greenland) during the Early Holocene

Marc Oliva1, Julia Garcia-Oteyza1, David Palacios2, José María Fernández -Fernández2, Nuria de Andrés2, Dermot Antoniades3, Vincent Jomelli4, and Irene Schimmelpfennig4
Marc Oliva et al.
  • 1Department of Geography, Universitat de Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2Department of Geography, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 3Department of Geography & Centre for Northern Studies, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada
  • 4Aix‐Marseille Université, CNRS, IRD, INRAE, Coll. France, UM 34 CEREGE, Aix‐en‐Provence, France

Current scientific knowledge of the deglacial history of Greenland is still spatially and temporally disperse, with a lack of data from several regions and time periods, as is the case for NE Greenland. A better understanding of the sensitivity of polar ice sheets to rapidly changing past climates is of key importance in the current climate scenario, where recent warming has affected the stability of ice sheets and thus accelerated global sea level rise. Here, we present new evidence of the glacial history of the 90-km long Young Sound-Tyrolerfjord system (NE Greenland) based on 78 10Be Cosmic-Ray Exposure (CRE) ages obtained from moraine boulders, polished surfaces and erratic boulders distributed across three tributary valleys (Zackenberg, Dolomit, Olsen) and at the head of the fjord (Tyrolerdal). The major deglaciation of the fjord occurred during Termination-1 (19-11 ka). At 13-14 ka, a period of major glacial shrinking was recorded, exposing also the highest surfaces of the region. No clear signal is detected in the area during the cold Younger Dryas phase. During the Early Holocene, glacial retreat accelerated, the lateral tributary glaciers receded and disconnected from the main glacier until the deglaciation of the fjord was completed by 10-11 ka. Since then, postglacial environmental (paraglacial, periglacial, slope, alluvial) dynamics have only slightly reshaped the landscape as Middle-Late Holocene climatic oscillations have not favoured large advances or retreats of the glacier fronts.

How to cite: Oliva, M., Garcia-Oteyza, J., Palacios, D., Fernández -Fernández, J. M., de Andrés, N., Antoniades, D., Jomelli, V., and Schimmelpfennig, I.: Major deglaciation of Young Sound-Tyrolerfjord (NE Greenland) during the Early Holocene, 10th International Conference on Geomorphology, Coimbra, Portugal, 12–16 Sep 2022, ICG2022-697, https://doi.org/10.5194/icg2022-697, 2022.