The session gathers geoscientific aspects such as dynamics, reactions, and environmental/health consequences of radioactive materials that are massively released accidentally (e.g., Fukushima and Chernobyl nuclear power plant accidents, wide fires, etc.) and by other human activities (e.g., nuclear tests).

The radioactive materials are known as polluting materials that are hazardous for human society, but are also ideal markers in understanding dynamics and chemical/biological/electrical reactions chains in the environment. Thus, the radioactive contamination problem is multi-disciplinary. In fact this topic involves regional and global transport and local reactions of radioactive materials through atmosphere, soil and water system, ocean, and organic and ecosystem, and its relation with human and non-human biota. The topic also involves hazard prediction and nowcast technology.

By combining >30 year (halftime of Cesium 137) monitoring data after the Chernobyl Accident in 1986, >5 year dense measurement data by the most advanced instrumentation after the Fukushima Accident in 2011, and other events, we can improve our knowledgebase on the environmental behavior of radioactive materials and its environmental/biological impact. This should lead to improved monitoring systems in the future including emergency response systems, acute sampling/measurement methodology, and remediation schemes for any future nuclear accidents.

The following specific topics have traditionally been discussed:
(a) Atmospheric Science (emissions, transport, deposition, pollution);
(b) Hydrology (transport in surface and ground water system, soil-water interactions);
(c) Oceanology (transport, bio-system interaction);
(d) Soil System (transport, chemical interaction, transfer to organic system);
(e) Forestry;
(f) Natural Hazards (warning systems, health risk assessments, geophysical variability);
(g) Measurement Techniques (instrumentation, multipoint data measurements);
(h) Ecosystems (migration/decay of radionuclides).

The session consists of updated observations, new theoretical developments including simulations, and improved methods or tools which could improve observation and prediction capabilities during eventual future nuclear emergencies. New evaluations of existing tools, past nuclear contamination events and other data sets also welcome.

Public information:
The release of radioactive materials by human activity (such as nuclear accidents) are both severe hazard problem as well as ideal markers in understanding geoscience at all level of the Earth because it cycles through atmosphere, soil, plant, water system, ocean, and lives. Therefore, we must gather knowledge from all geoscience field for comprehensive understanding.

Co-organized as GI2.7/AS4.43/BG1.39/ERE5.6/GMPV6.4/HS11.65/NH8.7/OS4.33/SSS8.7
Convener: Masatoshi Yamauchi | Co-conveners: Nikolaos Evangeliou, Yasunori Igarashi, Liudmila Kolmykova, Daisuke Tsumune
| Mon, 08 Apr, 14:00–15:45
Room N1
| Attendance Mon, 08 Apr, 16:15–18:00
Hall X1

Monday, 8 April 2019 | Room N1

Chairperson: Tsumune, Igarashi, Kolmykova
transport in air and soil
14:00–14:15 |
Vikas C. Baranwal, Lavrans Skuterud, Håvard Thørring, Alexander Mauring, Alexandros Stampolidis, Martin A. Ytre-Eide, Robin J. Watson, Jon Drefvelin, and Jan S. Rønning
14:15–14:30 |
Misa Yasumiishi, Taku Nishimura, Takuhei Yamasaki, Chris Renschler, Jared Aldstadt, and Thomas Bittner
14:30–14:45 |
Vladimir Baranchukov, Elena Korobova, Sergey Romanov, Victor Berezkin, and Denis Dolgushin
water-related transport (inc plants)
14:57–15:12 |
Koki Matsushita, Yasunori Igarashi, Yuichi Onda, Yoshifumi Wakiyama, Alexei Konoplev, Genna Laptev, Sergey Obrizan, Volodymyr Demianovych, Dmitry Samoilov, and Mark Zheleznyak