EGU2020-15198
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-15198
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Plants, plastic and rivers: Do water hyacinths play a role in riverine macroplastic transport?

Evelien Castrop1, Tim van Emmerik1, Sanne van den Berg2, Sarian Kosten3, Emilie Strady4,5, and Thuy-Chung Kieu-Le6
Evelien Castrop et al.
  • 1Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management, Wageningen University , Wageningen, Netherlands
  • 2Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
  • 3Department of Aquatic Ecology & Environmental Biology, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • 4Aix-Marseille Univ., Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (M I O), Marseille, Universit e de Toulon, France
  • 5CARE, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, Vietnam
  • 6Faculty of Geology and Petroleum Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, Vietnam

Excess of plastic debris in the environment is a worldwide problem. The origin of the plastic sources is partly land-based, the function of rivers as transportation pathways for plastics is an emerging research field. However, the transportation dynamics of macroplastic in river systems are still poorly understood(Blettler et al., 2018; Schmidt et al., 2017). By studying the interaction of riverine plastic transport and water plants, the transport dynamics can be better understood, which might help with the mitigation of the environmental plastic debris problem. 

A field study based in the Saigon river, Vietnam, found a correlation between macroplastic(>5 cm) abundance and organic material, where no other correlations were found(van Emmerik et al., 2019). We hypothesize that water hyacinths have an important role in the spatiotemporal dynamics of riverine macroplastic transport. The organic material in this river was predominantly identified as water hyacinths, an invasive plant common in Southeast Asia. In this study, we developed a method using image analysis, to detect macro plastics and floating vegetation(lab-grown water hyacinths). Image analysis in combination with drone technology creates opportunities to collect field data, with already promising results(Geraeds et al., 2019). We analyzed the images, to obtain an approximation of the amount of plastic and vegetation, visible from the surface. We subsequently use this data to evaluate the relationship between plastic abundance and vegetation in rivers. The method developed in this study can be used to collect data in the field. Targeted observations of plastic entrapment in water hyacinths may shed additional light on the potential of using water hyacinths as a proxy for riverine macroplastic transport dynamics. 

References

M. C. Blettler, E. Abrial, F. R. Khan, N. Sivri, and L. A. Espinola. Freshwater plastic pollution:Recognizing research biases and identifying knowledge gaps. Water research, 143:416-424, 2018.

M. Geraeds, T. van Emmerik, R. de Vries, and M. S. bin Ab Razak. Riverine plastic litter monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicles (uavs). Remote Sensing, 11(17):2045, 2019.

C. Schmidt, T. Krauth, and S.Wagner. Export of plastic debris by rivers into the sea. Environmental science & technology, 51(21):12246-12253, 2017.

T. van Emmerik, E. Strady, T.-C. Kieu-Le, L. Nguyen, and N. Gratoit. Seasonality of riverine macroplastic transport. Nature Scientific Reports, 2019.

How to cite: Castrop, E., van Emmerik, T., van den Berg, S., Kosten, S., Strady, E., and Kieu-Le, T.-C.: Plants, plastic and rivers: Do water hyacinths play a role in riverine macroplastic transport?, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-15198, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-15198, 2020

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