EGU2020-19455, updated on 30 Aug 2023
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Quantifying deposition pathways of Ozone at a rainforest site (ATTO) in the central Amazon basin

Matthias Sörgel1, Anywhere Tsokankunku1, Stefan Wolff2, Alessandro Araùjo3, Pedro Assis4, Hartwig Harder1, Giordane Martins4, Marta Sá4, Rodrigo Souza5, Jonathan Williams1, and Nora Zannoni1
Matthias Sörgel et al.
  • 1Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Atmospheric Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
  • 2Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Multiphase Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
  • 3Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA), Belém-PA, Brasil
  • 4Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia/ INPA, Manaus-AM, Brazil
  • 5Universidade do Estado do Amazonas (UEA), Manaus- AM, Brazil

Direct eddy covariance flux measurements of O3 in tropical forests are sparse and deposition velocities of O3 for tropical forest have large uncertainties in models. Therefore, we measured O3 fluxes at different heights ( 4 m, 12 m, 46 m and 81 m), which is 2 levels within canopy (below crown layer) and two levels above. At the same levels heat and CO2 fluxes were measured by eddy covariance to differentiate upper canopy fluxes from understory and soil fluxes and to infer stomatal conductance based on the inverted Penman-Monteith equation. Further measurements include the profiles of O3, NOx, CO2 and H2O which are used to calculate storage fluxes and reactions of O3 with NOx within the air volume. Additionally, leaf surface temperature and leaf wetness were measured in the upper canopy (26 m) to infer their influence on the non-stomatal deposition. The measurements took place at the ATTO (Amazon Tall Tower Observatory) site that is located about 150 km northeast of the city of Manaus in the Amazon rainforest. (02°08’38.8’’S, 58°59’59.5’’W). The climate in this region is characterized by a rainy (350 mm around March) and a dry season (ca. 80 mm in September). During the wet months, the air quality is close to pristine, while strong pollution from biomass burning is evident in the dry season. Therefore, we will present results from two intensive campaigns (3- 4 flux levels) for the rainy season (March to May) and the dry season (September to December) 2018.


The focus of the analysis is the partitioning between a) the crown layer and understory and b) stomatal and non-stomatal deposition with a further analysis of the non-stomatal pathways. Non-stomatal deposition is analyzed by quantifying gas-phase reactions of O3 with NOx and an estimate of O3 reactivity by VOCs. Furthermore, the remaining (surface) deposition is analyzed according to its relations with leaf surface temperature and leaf wetness.

How to cite: Sörgel, M., Tsokankunku, A., Wolff, S., Araùjo, A., Assis, P., Harder, H., Martins, G., Sá, M., Souza, R., Williams, J., and Zannoni, N.: Quantifying deposition pathways of Ozone at a rainforest site (ATTO) in the central Amazon basin, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-19455,, 2020.


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