EGU2020-19805, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-19805
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Urban soil gas geochemistry to identify permeable zones and possible upflow of deep-seated gases at the city of Ourense, Galicia, Spain

Gladys V. Melián1,2,3, Nemesio Pérez1,2,3, Lucía Sáez -Gabarrón1, Fátima Rodríguez1, Pedro A. Hernández1,2,3, Eleazar Padrón1,2,3, María Asensio-Ramos1, José A. Cid4, Pedro A. Araujo4, Raúl González Castro5, and Jorge Pumar Tesouro5
Gladys V. Melián et al.
  • 1Instituto Volcanológico de Canarias (INVOLCAN), 38240 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain (gladys@iter.es)
  • 2Instituto Tecnológico y de Energías Renovables (ITER), 38611 Granadilla de Abona, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
  • 3Agencia Insular de la Energía de Tenerife (AIET), 38611 Granadilla de Abona, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
  • 4Geodynamics Group, Faculty of Science, University of Vigo, Campus de Ourense, 32004 Ourense, Spain
  • 5Concello de Ourense, 32001 Ourense, Spain

Thermal waters from natural hot springs and boreholes are clear geothermal features of the city of Ourense (Galicia, Spain). The urban area of Ourense is located in the Miño River’s valley which is characterized by two fault systems (NW–SE and NE–SW) that determine the groundwater circulation in the region. The low permeability of the granite and granodiorite only allows fluid circulation throughout faults and fractures transporting the fluid and transferring the heat to the lower elevations in the valley (Araujo 2008; Fernández Portal et al. 2007). During July to August 2019, an intensive soil gas geochemical survey was carried out at urban area of Ourense in order to identify the presence of vertical permeable structures and possible upflow of deep-seated gases. A total of 539 soil gas samples were taken with an average distance of ≈100 m between sampling sites and covering an area about 13Km2. In-situ soil CO2 efflux and soil gas 222Rn activity measurements were performed at each sampling site. In addition, soil gas samples at 40 cm depth were collected for chemical (He, Ne, H2, O2, N2, CH4 and CO2) and isotope (d13C-CO2 vs. VPDB) analysis by micro-gas chromatography and IRMS, respectively. Soil CO2 efflux and 222Rn activity values ranged from 0.7 to 92 g·m-2·d-1 (mean value of 16 g·m-2·d-1) and from 2.7 to 743 Bq·m-³ (mean value of 73 Bq·m-³), respectively. Regarding soil gas He and H2 concentration, the values ranged from 5.2 to 25.0 ppmV (mean value of 6.2 ppmV) and from 0.5 to 24.9 ppmV (mean value of 1.9 ppmV), respectively. Soil CO2 concentrations showed a range between 355 and 53,766 ppmV (mean value of 7,824 ppmV) with a range of isotopic ratios from -14.1 to -28.5‰ vs. VPDB (mean value of -22.1 ‰). The binary plot of d13C-CO2 vs 1/CO2 concentration suggest the presence of small fractions of CO2 deep-seated in the soil gas atmosphere (mainly an atmospheric and biogenic gas mixture) of the city of Ourense. Soil CO2 efflux, soil gas Rn-222 activity and soil gas He, H2 and CO2 concentration contour maps were constructed using the sequential Gaussian simulation (sGs) interpolation method. Estimated diffuse CO2 emission from the study area is about 201 tons per day and about 8 tons per day could be considered deep-seated degassing. Spatial distribution analysis of the soil gas geochemical data show relatively high values of soil CO2 efflux and soil gas H2 concentration at the Chavasqueira-Tinteiro urban sector, while As Burgas and Outariz-Muiño urban sectors showed relatively high values of soil 222Rn activity. These results show the usefulness of the soil gas geochemistry to identify permeable zones and possible upflow of deep-seated gases at the city of Ourense.

How to cite: Melián, G. V., Pérez, N., Sáez -Gabarrón, L., Rodríguez, F., Hernández, P. A., Padrón, E., Asensio-Ramos, M., Cid, J. A., Araujo, P. A., González Castro, R., and Pumar Tesouro, J.: Urban soil gas geochemistry to identify permeable zones and possible upflow of deep-seated gases at the city of Ourense, Galicia, Spain, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-19805, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-19805, 2020