EGU2020-20632
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-20632
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Estimation of Carbon Dioxide emissions along an active fault by using geoelectrical measurements

Ester Piegari, Rosa Di Maio, Rosanna Salone, and Claudio De Paola
Ester Piegari et al.
  • Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell'Ambiente e delle Risorse, Università di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy (ester.piegari@unina.it)

In the last twenty years, a growing interest is noticed in quantifying non-volcanic degassing, which could represent a significant input of CO2 into the atmosphere. Large emissions of non-volcanic carbon dioxide usually take place in seismically active zones, where the existence of a positive spatial correlation between gas discharges and extensional tectonic regimes has been confirmed by seismic data. Extensional stress plays a key role in creating pathways for the rising of gases at micro- and macro-scales, increasing the rock permeability and connecting the deep crust to the earth surface. Geoelectrical investigations, which are very sensitive to permeability changes, provide accurate volumetric reconstructions of the physical properties of the rocks and, therefore, are fundamental not only for the definition of the seismic-active zone geometry, but also for understanding the processes that govern the flow of fluids along the damage zone. In this framework, we present the results of an integrated approach where geoelectrical and passive seismic data are used to construct a 3D geological model, whose simulated temporal evolution allowed the estimation of CO2 flux along an active fault in the area of Matese Ridge (Southern Apennines, Italy). By varying the geometry of the source system and the permeability values of the damage zone, characteristic times for the upward migration of CO2 through a thick layer of silts and clays have been estimated and CO2 fluxes comparable with the observed values in the investigated area have been predicted. These findings are promising for gas hazard, as they suggest that numerical simulations of different CO2 degassing scenarios could forecast possible critical variations in the amount of CO2 emitted near the fault.

How to cite: Piegari, E., Di Maio, R., Salone, R., and De Paola, C.: Estimation of Carbon Dioxide emissions along an active fault by using geoelectrical measurements, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-20632, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-20632, 2020

Comments on the presentation

AC: Author Comment | CC: Community Comment | Report abuse

Presentation version 1 – uploaded on 03 May 2020 , no comments