EGU2020-21025, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-21025
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Fractionation of soil organic carbon under different land management in dry tropics, south India

Eito Nonomura1, Soh Sugihara1, Mayuko Seki1, Hidetoshi Miyazaki2, Muniandi Jegadeesan3, Pandian Kannan3, and Haruo Tanaka1
Eito Nonomura et al.
  • 1Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan (s190131r@st.go.tuat.ac.jp)
  • 2Global Environmental Forum, Tokyo, Japan
  • 3Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tamil Nadu, India

An understanding of the mechanisms of soil organic carbon (SOC) stabilization is essential to develop the appropriate management for C sequestration and soil health. In southern India, where neutral-alkaline soils are mainly distributed, soil C stocks are inherently low in cropland, despite relatively high clay contents (Clay>ca. 30%, OC<ca. 5 g C kg-1 soil). To consider this reason of low SOC in this area, we evaluated the fractionated C contents and its controlling factors, by measuring the particulate organic matter (POM). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of land management on the amount and composition of each fraction of soil in southern India. We collected the surface soils (0-10 cm) from two representative sites of southern India; Vertisols with alkaline soil pH (8.4-8.8) and Alfisols with neutral soil pH (6.0-7.0). At each site, two different land management were selected; forest and cropland of Vertisols, and cropland with no organic matter application (no-OM) and with manure application (with-OM) of Alfisols. Soils were separated into the four fractions; (1) Light Fraction; LF (<1.7 g cm-3) , (2) Coarse POM; cPOM (>1.7 g cm-3, 250-2000 µm), (3) Fine POM; fPOM(>1.7 g cm-3, 53-250 µm), and (4) Silt+Clay; S+C (>1.7 g cm-3, <53 µm). Each fraction was analyzed by elemental analysis (C, N) and CPMAS 13C NMR spectroscopy. In Vertisols, C contents of cPOM, fPOM, S+C were significantly higher in forest (0.65, 0.91, 4.8 g kg-1 soil, respectively) than those of cropland (0.17, 0.22, 4.1 g kg-1 soil, respectively), causing the higher total SOC in forest (7.8 g kg-1 soil) than in cropland (4.5 g kg-1 soil). C concentration of cPOM, fPOM, and S+C fractions were also significantly higher in forest (3.7, 7.6, 6.7 g kg-1 fraction, respectively) than those of cropland (1.0, 2.7, 5.4 g kg-1 fraction, respectively). In particular, increasing rates in cPOM and fPOM (180-280 %) were greater than S+C (24 %), possibly suggesting that forest management should increase the relatively active and intermediate SOC pools through the C accumulation in cPOM and fPOM fractions of Vertisols. In Alfisols, C contents in LF and S+C were significantly higher in with-OM (1.1 and 5.2 g kg-1 soil, respectively) than in no-OM (0.76 and 4.7 g kg-1 soil, respectively). C concentration of S+C fraction was significantly higher in with-OM (14 g kg-1 fraction) than in no-OM (11 g kg-1 fraction), but not of cPOM and fPOM fractions. It suggests that the OM application to cropland should increase the slow SOC pool through the C accumulation in S+C fractions of Alfisols. These results indicate that different fraction may contribute to SOC stabilization between Vertisols and Alfisols in southern India.

How to cite: Nonomura, E., Sugihara, S., Seki, M., Miyazaki, H., Jegadeesan, M., Kannan, P., and Tanaka, H.: Fractionation of soil organic carbon under different land management in dry tropics, south India, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-21025, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-21025, 2020

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