EGU2020-2224
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-2224
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

An experimental study of sorption properties of natural zeolite-containing rocks and their ability for purification of aquatic solutions contaminated with Ni and Zn

Liudmila Kolmykova, Valentina Nikashina, and Elena Korobova
Liudmila Kolmykova et al.
  • V.I. Vernadsky Institute, Rus. Ac. of Sci., Geochemical, Moscow, Russian Federation (kmila9999@gmail.com)

Sorption parameters of natural zeolite-containing tripolite from the Khotynetsky deposit (Russia, Oryol region) were studied in a series of experiments to evaluate possibility of its usage as a geochemical barrier for teсhnogenic Ni2+ and Zn2+ contaminating soils and ground waters. 
Firstly, the tripolite total ion-exchange capacity was established by its saturation with ammonium ion and evaluating its content in the initial and ammonium forms with the help of X-ray fluorescence method. Secondly, the kinetic characteristics, namely the time necessary to reach the equilibrium state of the rock-water system containing Ni2+ and Zn2+ ions were determined in batch experiments using the method of "limited volume". The latter experiment was conducted using 0.5 g tripolite with 250 ml model solutions simulating natural river water (0.003 н CaCl2) and filtration water from solid domestic waste landfill (0.06 н CaCl2) and containing  2 mg/l Ni2+ and  Zn2+. The time of contact between the sorbent and the model solution varied from 2 hours to 21 days. Thirdly, basing on reference data on the real content of heavy metals in the filtrates of various landfills, an experiment on determination of the tripolite equilibrium exchange (and adsorption) capacity was carried out. The prepared model solutions in the latter experiment contained 2, 5, 7 and 10 mg/l of Ni2+ and Zn2+. The amount of Ni2+ and Zn2+  in solutions was determined by the ICP-AES.
According to the obtained results, the total ion-exchange capacity of the natural tripolite equaled to 1.18 mg-eq/g. The sorption isotherms based on kinetic experiments showed that equilibrium in the studied rock-solution system took place after 200 to 500 hours of interaction. Despite natural scattering of experimental points in the range of the used Ni2+ and Zn2+ concentrations in the third experiment which lasted 21 days, the sorption of the studied ions by the natural tripolite can be approximated by a linear isotherm, zinc being sorbed much better than nickel. The average values of distribution coefficients (Kd) obtained for 0.003 n CaCl2 aquatic solution equaled to 2.7*103 ml/g for Ni2+ and 6.7*103 ml/g for Zn2+.
Therefore, natural tripolite of the Khotinetsky deposit may well be used as a natural geochemical barrier for extraction of technogenic Ni2+ and Zn2+ from natural waters draining landfills and contaminated by these ions.

 

How to cite: Kolmykova, L., Nikashina, V., and Korobova, E.: An experimental study of sorption properties of natural zeolite-containing rocks and their ability for purification of aquatic solutions contaminated with Ni and Zn, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-2224, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-2224, 2020

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