EGU2020-2247, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-2247
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Is the Current Subtropical Position of the Tibetan Plateau Optimal for Intensifying the Asian Monsoon?

Junbin Wang1 and Song Yang2
Junbin Wang and Song Yang
  • 1Sun Yat-sen University, School of Atmospheric Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences, China (wangjb23@mail2.sysu.edu.cn)
  • 2Sun Yat-sen University, School of Atmospheric Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences, China (yangsong3@mail.sysu.edu.cn)

It is known that the existence of the Tibetan Plateau (TP) intensifies the Asian summer monsoon. However, is the current subtropical location of the TP optimal for energizing the monsoon? Would monsoon dynamics become simpler if the TP were located in the tropics? A series experiments with the NCAR CESM fully-coupled model show that a change in the current subtropical TP causes apparent responses in both divergent and rotational motions of the atmosphere in the tropics and higher latitudes, respectively. When the TP is moved southward, the atmospheric response is featured by more apparent thermally-driven and divergent part of atmospheric motion, and the tropical South Asian monsoon becomes stronger. However, the subtropical East Asian monsoon becomes weaker due to the intensify of Northwest Pacific subtropical high. In the experiments in which the TP is moved northward, the subtropical East Asian monsoon strengthens at some points but the tropical South Asian monsoon weakens. Besides, variations in the meridional position of the westerlies relative to the TP lead to anomalous distribution of precipitation in East Asia. In these latter experiments, the atmospheric response is apparently featured by rotational characteristics of the atmospheric motion.

Results also show that the meridional shift of the TP would also cause changes in the African summer monsoon, whose variability is closely linked to the variations of the Asian summer monsoon.

How to cite: Wang, J. and Yang, S.: Is the Current Subtropical Position of the Tibetan Plateau Optimal for Intensifying the Asian Monsoon?, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-2247, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-2247, 2020

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