EGU2020-3178, updated on 20 Jan 2021
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A demonstration of the tectonic evolution of the inner Bristol Channel UK: application of structural geological analogues to interpretation of legacy and new seismic data.

Marios N. Miliorizos1, Nicholas Reiss2, and Nikolaos S. Melis3
Marios N. Miliorizos et al.
  • 1University of South Wales, Energy & Environment Research Institute, Faculty of Computing Engineering & Science, Pontypridd Wales, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (
  • 2Tangram Energy Ltd., London United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (
  • 3National Observatory of Athens, Institute of Geodynamics, Athens, Greece (

Advances in seismic imaging technology can discourage the integration of outcrop data into modern interpretation workflows. Yet, instigation of hydrocarbon exploration still requires the use of legacy seismic data, especially within mature petroleum provinces. Typical exploration workflows include expensive pre-stack seismic reprocessing, to better resolve exploration targets. This is a resourceful but timely process that can be enhanced by using structural geological analogues. The inner Bristol Channel has extensive outcrop: to the east the Severn Estuary, to the north the South Wales Coalfield and Vale of Glamorgan and to the south along the Somerset, Devon and Cornish coastlines. These sources of prolific data, combined with legacy exploration refraction, reflection and earthquake seismology, make the inner Bristol Channel an ideal natural laboratory to integrate analogues with seismic information and to produce realistic interpretations and explanations of complex structural heterogeneities especially in places concealed by Mesozoic and Quaternary cover, marine waters and estuarine sediments typical of the inlet. Successful structural analysis is always reliant on well-processed pre-stack seismic data. It is demonstrated however that numerous known structural inversion events also necessitate the best choice of analogues to resolve the geometry and kinematics of any major faults offshore accurately enough to reach a reliable understanding of the petroleum system. Here, in response to the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) 2016 data release and the 31st licensing round, we use case studies from the inner Bristol Channel to demonstrate the value of structural geological analogues by integrating them into 1985 2D legacy seismic data at an early stage in the seismic interpretation process. With suitably chosen analogues, structural dissection and reconstruction are carried out to generate geometric and kinematic models. The wider waters of the Bristol Channel are situated in quad 105; in which investigation was instigated in the 1970’s by major exploration companies. Currently, an interest in reliable structural analogues is made more relevant by the fourteen exploration licenses held onshore in south west England and South Wales. Thence our study augments the extensive field work carried out over at least three decades of academic research by generations of scholars. The targeted investigations conducted along the southern coast of Wales and the north coast of Somerset, Devon and Cornwall lead to revised syntheses, to better extrapolate, predict and model the structural architecture beneath the inner Bristol Channel. Exemplary Welsh field analogues are accounted in detail, measured, restored and integrated into an interpretation of the 2D 1985 Western-Geco dataset (WG85 2D 2001). The analogues include Trwyn-yr-Wrach, the Cold Knap, St Mary’s Well and Sully Island, among many others. In conclusion, the practical methodology exemplifies the geometric WNW-ESE lateral changes in structure and the effects of numerous kinematic phases and recent seismicity upon the architecture of the inner Bristol Channel basin as well as its relic-fabric. This demonstration of analogues improves immensely the geological understanding of seismic reflection projects whether legacy data, reflection, refraction or seismology and should remain relevant for many more crucial and modern acquisitions.

How to cite: Miliorizos, M. N., Reiss, N., and Melis, N. S.: A demonstration of the tectonic evolution of the inner Bristol Channel UK: application of structural geological analogues to interpretation of legacy and new seismic data., EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3178,, 2020


Display file

Comments on the display

AC: Author Comment | CC: Community Comment | Report abuse

displays version 1 – uploaded on 26 Apr 2020
  • AC1: Comment on EGU2020-3178, Marios Miliorizos, 26 Apr 2020

    EGU delegates 2020

    The authors, Marios N Miliorizos, Nicholas Reiss and Nikolaos S Melis welcome questions and comments on their work.

    I (MNM) have posted the following for your inspection:

    one poster [A0 size page] by M N Miliorizos, N Reiss and N S Melis (drafting by NR) 

    a demonstration power point of 11 [A4 size pages] (introduction by NR)

    a collection of handouts and appendices of 13 [A4 size pages] each with 6 slides (designed by MNM).

    The file is in a pdf format of about 19Mb.

    Welcome from the team:

    Marios (USW) structural geology

    Nick (Tangram) petroleum geology

    Nicos (NOA) geophysics and seismology.



    • AC2: Reply to AC1, Marios Miliorizos, 26 Apr 2020


      (MNM) Every effort has been made to maintain the resolution of the original art work but if there are any issues with details in the pdf file, we will offer larger versions through the course of the assembly, to 1st June 2020. And, we will endeavour to explain the intricacies of the geology.