EGU2020-3265, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Experimental technique for visualization of aquitard compaction over aquifer caused by excess pumping

Kazunori Tabe1 and Masaatsu Aichi2
Kazunori Tabe and Masaatsu Aichi
  • 1Urban Resources and Environmental Research Section, Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection, Japan (
  • 2Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan (

 Transparent soils are developed as a physical modelling of macroscopic soil behaviors in geotechnical engineering aspect. Transparent surrogates with its index-matching fluid, called as transparent porous media or transparent soils, have been used for simulating geotechnical properties of natural soils. Visualization technique itself have been applied to microscopic level of soil deformation and soil flow problems such as X-ray, Computerized Tomography (CT), and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) cameras by very expensive apparatuses with highly operating skills. Geotechnical researches need rather understanding of macroscopic scale of larger test models with inexpensive experimental industrial substances. Transparent soils have been developed to achieve these needs with easy handling performance. 
 The authors demonstrated a pumping test in a glass tank of 30mm width by 80mm length by 70mm height filled with transparent hydrated superabsorbent polymer to represent aquitard (clay layer) over aquifer (saturated silica sand). The subsidence within the synthetic clay layer due to pumping of pore water from silica sand was constantly monitored by target racking method using four 8mm-diameter particles immersed in the synthetic clay layer. The test successfully visualized deformation due to vertical propagation of pore water pressure during subsidence event within the transparent synthetic clay layer. It was also found that this experiment result and the results from three-dimensional numerical simulation of poroelastic deformation were consistent with each other.

How to cite: Tabe, K. and Aichi, M.: Experimental technique for visualization of aquitard compaction over aquifer caused by excess pumping, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3265,, 2020


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