EGU2020-3311, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Topological Waves in Astrophysical and Geophysical Flows

Antoine Venaille
Antoine Venaille
  • ENS de Lyon CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique, Lyon, France (

Over the last decade, the concept of topological wave has spread over all fields of physics. These ideas were initially developed in condensed matter to describe peculiar electronic transport properties in exotic materials; it has now become clear that topological tools apply as well to classical systems, and thus to geophysical fluid dynamics.  Topology predicts the emergence of unidirectional modes trapped along interfaces or boundaries, depending on broken discrete symmetries, and on the twisting of bulk eigenmodes. It guarantees the robustness  of undirectional trapped modes against disorder, such as random topography or small scale turbulence. We will explain how to compute such topological features, discuss possible experimental realizations, and present three recent applications to geophysical flows :

  1. The emergence of equatorially trapped topological modes in Laplace tidal equations as a consequence of  Coriolis force breaking time-reversal symmetry [1,2].
  2. The  emergence of Lamb-like waves that connect acoustic wave bands to internal gravity waves bands in compressible-stratified fluids, as a consequence of gravity breaking miror symmetry, with potential applications in helioseismology [3] .
  3. A new manifestation of these topological features in geophysical ray tracing : when computing first order corrections to ray tracing, we find that rays  or wave packets are deflected by an effective field corresponding to the so-called Berry curvature. To our knowledge, the effect of this Berry curvature had up to now been overlooked in geophysical context [4].

[1] P. Delplace, J.B. Marston, A. Venaille, Topological origin of equatorial waves, Science 2017 
[2] C. Tauber, P. Delplace, A. Venaille, A bulk-interface correspondence for equatorial waves, Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2019
[3] M. Perrot, P. Delplace, A. Venaille, Topological transition in stratified fluids, Nature Physics  2019
[4] N. Perez, P. Delplace, A. Venaille Manifestation of Berry curvature in geophysical ray tracing, in prep. 2020


How to cite: Venaille, A.: Topological Waves in Astrophysical and Geophysical Flows, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3311,, 2020

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