The influence of soil fertility on carbon cycling and storage in temperate tree bioenergy crops
- The James Hutton Institute, Soil Ecology , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (email@example.com)
LA Kemp, Supervisors: A. Karley, A. Bennett, A. Taylor, N. McNamara, E.J Sayer
Short – rotation woody perennials such as Populus and Salix are often selected for bioenergy crops in temperate climates. In conjunction with providing a renewable crop, bioenergy crops can improve carbon storage in previously degraded soils and associate with beneficial mycorrhizal fungi. Applying nitrogen fertilizers to bioenergy crops can increase yield and carbon sink but may also increase CO2 emissions through increased soil respiration and N2O through increased microbial activity which alter population and community dynamics.
Changing environmental conditions due to climate change such as prolonged droughting and increasing intensity of rewetting are also impacting plant-soil interactions. However, there are gaps in the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for plant responses to changing abiotic conditions. Therefore, the scale of future carbon cycling, CH4 and N2O emissions by temperate tree species are still very unclear.
To address this my experiment, focuses on two temperate tree species used in bioenergy production known to associate with mycorrhizal fungi. The study will run over two growing seasons, using a randomized block design with four fungal treatments, four nutrient treatments and then implementing two abiotic treatments during the second growing season. I aim to determine how soil nutrient availability influences: i) plant – mycorrhiza associations, ii) plant carbon cycling and storage, iii) soil respiration rates, iv) plant and soil GHG emission rates. v) carbon cycling and GHG emissions under different climate controls.
How to cite: Kemp, L.-A.: The influence of soil fertility on carbon cycling and storage in temperate tree bioenergy crops , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3686, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-3686, 2020