EGU2020-4715
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4715
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Determining regional scale carbon losses from tropical peatlands using ISBAS-InSAR

Martha Ledger1, Sofie Sjögersten1, Andrew Sowter2, David Large3, Chris Evans4, and Keith Morrison5
Martha Ledger et al.
  • 1School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, UK
  • 2Geomatic Ventures Limited, Nottingham, UK
  • 3Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, UK
  • 4Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bangor, UK
  • 5Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, UK

80% of peatlands in Indonesia and Malaysia (15% of Earth's soil carbon) are now drained for production of pulp wood and palm oil. Associated increased peat decomposition and large-scale forest fires are now significant contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. However, carbon losses from these processes and the impact of peatland drainage remain poorly quantified across SE Asia because of the challenging scale and inaccessibility of dense tropical peatland forests.

Space-based platforms offer the opportunity for regular and efficient pan-regional monitoring and overcome inaccessibility of tropical peatland environments. A development in satellite interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) in monitoring surface motion has the potential to solve this problem. A new ‘intermittent small baseline subset’ (ISBAS) modelling technique provides excellent coverage across almost all land surfaces irrespective of ground cover, enabling long-term measurement of peatland surface motion across whole catchments, regions and countries. Importantly, the ISBAS technique is able to determine surface deformation under tropical forest canopy using C-band InSAR, enabling continuous monitoring of surface motion ranging from 0.1–40cm/yr at spatial scales ≥90x90m.

This project aims to determine whether rate of subsidence of the peat surface measured by ISBAS-InSAR is a proxy for rate of carbon loss in tropical peatlands in SE Asia. ISBAS-InSAR time series and field measurements of subsidence will be used to monitor and characterise seasonal tropical peat surface oscillations over time and field radar experiments will investigate C-band radar signal attenuation with the peat surface at different moisture contents.

How to cite: Ledger, M., Sjögersten, S., Sowter, A., Large, D., Evans, C., and Morrison, K.: Determining regional scale carbon losses from tropical peatlands using ISBAS-InSAR, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4715, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4715, 2020

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