EGU2020-4869
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4869
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Future water supply and demand in the Peruvian Andes: assessment and implications

Andrew J. Wade1, Harvey J.E. Rodda2, Nicholas P. Branch1, Marcos Bruzzone2, Alex Herrera3, Francisco Araujo-Feriera1, Frank M. Meddens4, Douglas A.H. Walsh5, and Kevin Lane6
Andrew J. Wade et al.
  • 1University of Reading, School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science, Reading, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (a.j.wade@reading.ac.uk)
  • 2Hydro-GIS Ltd, Chalgrove, Oxfordshire, OX44 7SY, UK
  • 3Department of Art History, Faculty of Arts & Humanities, Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia
  • 4Pre-Construct Archaeology Ltd, Forest Hill, London, SE23 2HS
  • 5Asociación Andina Cusichaca, Cusco, Peru
  • 6CONICET, Instituto de Arqueología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

The aim of the ACCESS project is to help assess the impact of climate change on socio-economic development in the Peruvian Andes, focused on the Ancash region, and to help identify adaptation strategies. As part of this larger effort, we are aiming to understand how climate change will impact: water availability and quality; farming, lives and livelihoods; and to work with local communities to plan adaptation strategies. The current water supply and demand in two catchments in the Cordillera Blanca and two in the Cordillera Negra is being assessed to understand the background water context in contrasting glaciated and non-glaciated landscapes. Based on detailed surveys of the ancient and modern waterscapes led by South American archaeologists, supplemented by more recent data from hydrological measurement and ethnographic surveys and discussions with local communities, a nuanced picture is emerging of how communities have adapted to past and current climate conditions, and potential solutions are being co-developed with the local communities to maintain and improve livelihoods in situations with low rainfall in the Negra and glacial retreat in the Blanca. Crop water demand during the dry season in the Rio Ancash (114 km2) catchment has been assessed using the CROPWAT model and local climate and crop survey data, and the present-day water supply assessed through the gauging of rivers and irrigation canal flows, and measurement of water quality and isotopes. Preliminary results, for the Rio Ancash, suggest the amount of water available for dry season irrigation on the mid-slopes is approximately 70 mm over the cropped area (57 km2) which appears to be less than the crop water demand, though this estimate may change as more data is processed. Initial climate projections suggestion an increase in water as the glaciers melt until around 2050. The dry season crop water demand and supply beyond 2050 is currently being estimated.

How to cite: Wade, A. J., Rodda, H. J. E., Branch, N. P., Bruzzone, M., Herrera, A., Araujo-Feriera, F., Meddens, F. M., Walsh, D. A. H., and Lane, K.: Future water supply and demand in the Peruvian Andes: assessment and implications, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4869, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4869, 2020

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