EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ENSO teleconnection over the Euro-Mediterranean sector: the role of extratropical Pacific modulation

Marianna Benassi1, Giovanni Conti1, Silvio Gualdi1,2, Paolo Ruggeri1, Javier Garcia–Serrano3, Froila Palmeiro4, Lauriane Battè5, and Constantin Ardilouze5
Marianna Benassi et al.
  • 1CMCC FOUNDATION, CSP, Lecce, Italy (
  • 2NGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, ltaly
  • 3Universltat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  • 4Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Barcelona, Spain
  • 5CNRM, Université de Toulouse, Météo-France, CNRS, Toulouse, France

El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) represents the major driver of interannual climate variability at the global scale. Observational and model-based studies have fostered a long-standing debate on the shape and the intensity of ENSO influence over the Euro-Mediterranean sector. Indeed, the detection of this signal is strongly affected by the large variability which characterizes the atmospheric circulation in the North Atlantic and European sector.

Different mechanisms have been proposed as involved in the propagation of ENSO signal from low to mid latitude, and we want to investigate if and how the low frequency variability of North Pacific sea-surface temperature (SST) may affect their efficacy. In this work, we study how the different phases of the extratropical SST pattern linked to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) modulates the ENSO fingerprint over the Euro-Mediterranean region.

A set of idealized sensitivity experiments designed in the framework of the MEDSCOPE project has permitted to identify the ENSO teleconnection over the Euro-Mediterranean domain and to reveal the potential modulating role of the different phases of the extratropical PDO SST forcing.

In order to place this process in a dynamical framework, a tropospheric pathway has been proposed. The propagation of planetary waves from low to mid latitude has been investigated, by looking at the sensitivity of this mechanism to different underlying mean state.

These results allow to gain a deeper understanding of the links between mid-latitude climate variability and tropical forcing and of the processes ruling the low-mid latitude teleconnection in the Northern Hemisphere. Moreover, a clearer insight of these processes may lead to a new comprehension of possible sources of predictability for the Euro-Mediterranean domain over different time scales.


How to cite: Benassi, M., Conti, G., Gualdi, S., Ruggeri, P., Garcia–Serrano, J., Palmeiro, F., Battè, L., and Ardilouze, C.: ENSO teleconnection over the Euro-Mediterranean sector: the role of extratropical Pacific modulation, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4891,, 2020

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