EGU2020-5124
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5124
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The impact of biases in the tropical South Pacific and near the Agulhaus Current on the large-scale Southern Hemisphere circulation

Chaim Garfinkel1, Ian White1, Edwin Gerber2, and Martin Jucker3
Chaim Garfinkel et al.
  • 1Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Earth Science Institute, Jerusalem, Israel (chaim.garfinkel@mail.huji.ac.il)
  • 2New York University, New York, USA
  • 3University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

A common model bias in comprehensive climate models used in climate assessements such as the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project is a double inter-tropical convergence, with excessive precipitation in the tropical eastern South Pacific. In addition, the current generation of climate models cannot adequately resolve the dynamics of the Agulhas Current, and in particular the relative fraction of the Current that leaks into the Atlantic as opposed to retroflecting back into the Indian Ocean. The intermodel spread in the magnitude of the double ITCZ bias is   significantly correlated with the strength and phasing of   SH stationary waves in the CMIP archive, with models with a smaller bias generally showing more realistic stationary waves. An intermediate complexity moist General Circulation Model is used to demonstrate the causality of this connection: by fluxing heat out of  the tropical South Pacific Ocean, we can capture the  responses seen in CMIP5 models.  Finally, the same intermediate complexity moist General Circulation Model is used to demonstrate that an overly diffuse Agulhas leads to an equatorward shift of the Southern Hemisphere jet by more than  3degrees, and indeed an overly equatorward Southern Hemisphere jet is a common model bias in most CMIP5 models.

How to cite: Garfinkel, C., White, I., Gerber, E., and Jucker, M.: The impact of biases in the tropical South Pacific and near the Agulhaus Current on the large-scale Southern Hemisphere circulation, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-5124, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5124, 2020

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