EGU2020-5256
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5256
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Buckle fold growth in the western Northern Calcareous Alps fold-and-thrust belt of Austria– finite element modelling and field observations

Sinah Kilian, Hugo Ortner, and Barbara Schneider-Muntau
Sinah Kilian et al.
  • Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck, Geology, Austria (csag1679@uibk.ac.at)

We studied the Karwendel mountains of the Northern Calcareous Alps fold-and-thrust belt, that formed during the Upper Cretaceous. The study area exposes one of the principal thrusts that emplaces Triassic sediments on the top of Cretaceous rocks. Based on a detailed structural analysis (Kilian and Ortner, 2019) it has been demonstrated that the folds above the thrust are buckle folds.

With the finite element modelling, we aimed to create folds with wavelengths comparable to those observed in the field. The model set up is a simple layer cake model based on the stratigraphy of the western Northern Calcareous Alps. We used ABAQUS a finite element software to create the model. The material model is linear elasticity. During modelling, we tested different material characteristics and layer thickness. In all model runs a very weak décollement (possibly salt) is necessary to produce folds. We further tested the influence of erosion and re-sedimentation on the development of structures. We concluded that the growth of folds having wavelengths comparable to the field examples depends on the thickness of the competent layer, whereas the thickness of the incompetent layer has negligible influence.

We suggest that fold development in this part of the Northern Calcareous Alps is dependent on the interplay between the growth of evaporite-cored anticlines and surface erosion.

Reference

Kilian, S., Ortner, H.: Structural evidence of in-sequence and out-of-sequence thrusting in the Karwendel mountains and the tectonic subdivision of the western Northern Calcareous Alps. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, Vienna, 2019, V.112/1, p.62-83, DOI: 10.17738/ajes.2019.0005.

How to cite: Kilian, S., Ortner, H., and Schneider-Muntau, B.: Buckle fold growth in the western Northern Calcareous Alps fold-and-thrust belt of Austria– finite element modelling and field observations, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-5256, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5256, 2020.

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