EGU2020-583
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-583
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Geochemical features of the geothermal and mineral waters from Apuseni Mountains, Romania

Alin-Marius Nicula1, Artur Ionescu1,2, Cristian-Ioan Pop1, Carmen Roba1, Walter D’Alessandro3, Ferenc Lázár Forray4, Iancu Orașeanu5, and Călin Baciu1
Alin-Marius Nicula et al.
  • 1Babeş-Bolyai University,Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Bistrita, Romania (marius_alin92@yahoo.com)
  • 2University of Perugia, Department of Physics and Geology, Via A. Pascoli 06123, Perugia, Italy
  • 3Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Palermo, Via Ugo la Malfa, 153, 90146 Palermo, Italy
  • 4Department of Geology, Babeş-Bolyai University, Kogalniceanu 1, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • 5Romanian Association of Hydrogeologists, Bucuresti, Romania

Geochemical features of the geothermal and mineral waters from Apuseni Mountains, Romania

Alin-Marius Nicula1, Artur Ionescu1,2, Cristian-Ioan Pop1, Carmen Roba1, Walter D’Alessandro3, Ferenc Lazar Forray4, Iancu Oraseanu5, Calin Baciu1

 

1Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Str. Fantanele nr. 30, 400294, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (marius_alin92@yahoo.com)

2University of Perugia, Department of Physics and Geology, Via A. Pascoli 06123, Perugia, Italy

3Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Palermo, Via Ugo la Malfa, 153,

90146 Palermo, Italy

4Department of Geology, Babes-Bolyai University, Kogalniceanu 1, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania

5Romanian Association of Hydrogeologists, Bucuresti, Romania

 

The Apuseni Mountains are located in the western part of Romania and separate the Pannonian Basin from the Transylvanian Basin. These mountains are famous and intensely studied for their important non-ferrous metal resources. Few data were published about the geothermal potential of this area. More works have been dedicated to mineral waters, while the geothermal waters are only briefly described, without sufficient emphasis on them. The current research is focusing on the two categories, cold mineral and geothermal water in the Apuseni Mountains, compared to the surrounding areas, in order to better understand their genesis and the general context of the geothermalism in the study region. A preliminary survey of these waters was done in 2019 taking water and gas samples from 41 sources.

The pH varies between 6.00 and 9.02 and, the lowest values have been measured in the CO2-rich waters of the Southern Apuseni Mountains. Water temperatures vary between 11.1 â—‹C and 81 â—‹C. In the southern part of the Apuseni Mountains, the geothermal waters are of the calcium bicarbonate type (Ca-HCO3), while in the north-western part, the sodium bicarbonate type (Na-HCO3) is more common. The water sources from the north-western part are close to the Pannonian Basin and show features comparable to the thermal waters of this basin. Conductivity values show significant variations between 142 and 2040 µS/cm, but regional homogeneities were observed. The highest concentration of bicarbonate was measured in one of the localities of the northern study area (BeiuÅŸ Depression - 3318.4 mg/L). The dissolved heavy metal concentrations (Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Fe) in the water samples were also measured. For all the investigated waters, the heavy metal content was low. The highest concentrations were recorded for Fe 342.90 µg/L and Zn 86.14 µg/L. The isotopic data (δ18O and δ2H) demonstrate the meteoric origin of the thermal waters.

Some springs and wells release free gases. The gas chromatographic analyses show the prevalence of N2 and CO2, with minor amounts of CH4 in the water sources close to the Pannonian Basin. The isotope composition of Helium shows values between 0.9 and 2.18 R/Ra indicating a prevailing crustal source with a significant mantle component. In the case of δ13C-CO2 the values range between -12.7 and -6.1 ‰ vs.V-PDB, indicating that the CO2 originates possibly from a limestone source.

How to cite: Nicula, A.-M., Ionescu, A., Pop, C.-I., Roba, C., D’Alessandro, W., Forray, F. L., Orașeanu, I., and Baciu, C.: Geochemical features of the geothermal and mineral waters from Apuseni Mountains, Romania, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-583, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-583, 2019

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