EGU2020-5844
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5844
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A study of Cs-137 and Sr-90 distribution in the soil and vegetation cover of elementary landscape-geochemical systems in the zone of the East Ural Radioactive Trace

Elena Korobova1, Sergey Romanov2, Oleg Tarasov3, Vladimir Baranchukov1, Victor Berezkin1, Denis Dolgushin1, Lyudmila Mikhailovskaya4, Makar Modorov4, and Vitaly Lukyanov5
Elena Korobova et al.
  • 1Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation (korobova@geokhi.ru)
  • 2Unitary Enterprize "Geoinformation systems", National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
  • 3Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Mayak Production Association", State Enterprise "Rosatom", Ozersk, Russian Federation
  • 4Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Russian Academy of Sciences Ural Branch, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation
  • 5National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute ", Moscow, Russian Federation

The first results of a detailed study of 137Cs and 90Sr distribution in elementary landscape-geochemical system (the top-slope-closing depression type, ELGS) are presented on the example of test sites located in the head zone of the East Ural Radioactive Trace formed during the Kyshtym accident in 1957. Field measurements were performed using modified Violinist-III field gamma-spectrometer [1] and the Kolibri spectrometric complex [2]; laboratory determination of 137Сs was made by Canberra gamma-spectrometer (HPGe detector). Field measurements were carried out along cross-sections and in a grid manner with a step of 1 and 5 m accompanied by a theodolite survey and soil core sampling at the selected points. The instrumental layer-by-layer determination of 90Sr activity in soil samples performed in field conditions by [2] was compared with the radiochemical measurement of the same samples in fractions of less than and more than 1 mm. The correlation between the obtained instrumental and radiochemical values for 90Sr activity equaled to r = 0.962 (n = 50). Spatial distribution of both 137Cs and 90Sr manifested itself in an specifically organized polycentric structure. Against the absence of a pronounced tendency for unidirectional redistribution of radionuclides from the top to the bottom, there was an ordered cyclic change in the activity of both 137Cs and 90Sr, which in our opinion reflected the unified mechanism of redistribution of substances in ELGS, where the relief is the main controller of water migration. Measurement of 90Sr activity in selected meadow plants proved an important role of species in radionuclide accumulation at the ELGS level: the maximum amount of 90Sr was found in nettle (Urtica dioica, 86 ± 19 kBq/kg dw, n = 9), the minimum - in bluegrass (Poa sp., 13.8 ± 1.2 kBq/kg dw, n = 19). The revealed features of spatial structure of 137Cs and 90Sr are believed to mark the general tendencies of substances redistribution in ELGS, which seems important for studying soil formation, environmental monitoring and optimization of soil fertilizing.

The study was supported by the RFBR grant No. 19-05-00816.

References

1. Romanov S.L., Korobova E.M., Samsonov V.L. Experience in using the upgraded VIOLINIST-III instrument in field radioecological research //Yadernyye izmeritel'no-informatsionnyye tekhnologii. 2011, 3 (39), 56-61.

2. Potapov V.N. et al. Development of Portable Beta Spectrometer for Sr-90 Activity Measurements in Field Conditions and Its Application in Rehabilitation Activities at RRC Kurchatov Institute.WM’06 Conference, February 26 - March 2, 2006, Tucson, AZ [on line] http://www.wmsym.org/archives/2006/pdfs/6133.pdf.

How to cite: Korobova, E., Romanov, S., Tarasov, O., Baranchukov, V., Berezkin, V., Dolgushin, D., Mikhailovskaya, L., Modorov, M., and Lukyanov, V.: A study of Cs-137 and Sr-90 distribution in the soil and vegetation cover of elementary landscape-geochemical systems in the zone of the East Ural Radioactive Trace, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-5844, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5844, 2020.

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