EGU General Assembly 2020
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COoL-AMmetropolis : towards establishing virtuous greenhouse gas emission mitigation scenarios for 2035 in the Aix-Marseille metropolis area (France) through atmospheric top-down technics and social sciences methods in interaction with local stakeholders.

Irène Xueref-Remy1, Aurélie Riandet1, Ludovic Lelandais1, Brian Nathan1, Mélissa Milne1, Valéry Masson2, Marie-Laure Lambert3, Alexandre Armengaud4, Jocelyn Turnbull5, Christophe Yohia6, Antoine Nicault7, Thomas Lauvaux8, Jacques Piazzola9, Christine Lac2, Thierry Hedde10, Samuel Robert11, Guillaume Simioni12, Wolfgang Cramer1, and Alberte Bondeau1
Irène Xueref-Remy et al.
  • 1OSU PYTHEAS / IMBE Mediterranean Institute of Biodiversity and of marine and continental Ecology, Aix-en-Provence Cedex 4, France
  • 2CNRM, National research center on meteorology, Toulouse, France
  • 3LIEU, Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Aménagement Urbanisme, Aix-en-Provence, France
  • 4AtmoSud, Regional Agency for Air Quality monitoring, Marseille, France
  • 5GNS, Lower Hutt, New-Zeeland
  • 6UMS Pytheas, Marseille, France
  • 7GREC-SUD, Group of experts on climate in the PACA region, Marseille, France
  • 8LSCE, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • 9MIO, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography, Marseille, France
  • 10DTN, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lès-Durance, France
  • 11ESPACE, Étude des Structures, des Processus d’Adaptation et des Changements de l’Espace, Aix-en-Provence, France
  • 12INRA/URFM, Unité de Recherche sur les forêts méditerranéennes, Avignon, France

Most of the global population leaves in cities, expected to expand rapidly in the next decades. Cities and their industrial facilities are estimated to release more than 70% of fossil fuel CO2, although these estimates need to be verified at the city scale. Furthermore, cities are undergoing higher temperatures than their surrounding rural areas due to the Urban Heat Island (UHI) which also directly influence some CO2 fluxes (for example from buildings domestic heating, car air-conditioning, urban and rural vegetation uptake). Cities are thus strategic places where actions on mitigating CO2 emissions and also on lowering down atmospheric temperature elevation should be undertaken in priority.

The ANR COoL-AMmetropolis project focuses on characterizing and mitigating CO2 emissions and UHI in the Aix-Marseille metropolis (AMm), of which the new governance entity is the “Metropole Aix-Marseille-Provence" (noted AMPM). AMm is the second most populated area of France (1.8 M inhabitants), is much industrialized, and is located in the PACA region strongly exposed to the risks of Climate Change. The  objectives of the project are : (1) verifying and improving the spatio-temporal distribution of the AMm FFCO2 emissions estimates and quantifying their current contribution against natural fluxes, (2) characterizing the  variability of the UHI and atmospheric CO2 at the diurnal, synoptic and seasonal scales in the AMm area, and modeling UHI and CO2 sources and sinks interactions  at the local to the AMm scale; and (3) defining and evaluating the benefits of development scenarios of the AMm urban ecosystem to the horizon 2035 for mitigating both CO2 emissions and UHI, at the different scales, and find the most effective way to integrate the vertuous scenarios, defined in  interaction with stakeholders, into legal and urban planning schemes, tools, charters or practices.

To reach these objectives, a multidisciplinary Consortium made of 5 main partners (IMBE, CNRM, LIEU, AtmoSud, UMS Pytheas) and 6 non-funded partners (LSCE, INRA/URM, ESPACE, MIO, DTN, GNZ New-Zeeland) is proposed, ensuring complementarity between atmospheric physicists, urbanists, territorial jurists, emission stockcounters and AMm socio-economic actors with privileged links with local/regional stakeholders. Through its expertise and the organisation of annual seminars, GREC-SUD (sub-contract.) will reinforce these interactions.

The project is organized in 4 workpackages. WP0 is dedicated to the project coordination. WP1 is assigned to the collection and analyzes of CO2 and UHI observations, and WP2 to the development and assessment of the CO2 and UHI modelling framework. WP1 and WP2 will feed WP3, dedicated to the role of the several levels in the AMPM in the governance for the urban adaptation strategies on the UHI and CO2 issues. It relies on legal documents analyses, multi-indicators evaluation of scenarios, and a strategy of ensuring regular interactions between the research community, local stakeholders & civil society throughout the full project duration.

The ANR COoL-AMmetropolis is funded for 4 years, starting on January 2020.

How to cite: Xueref-Remy, I., Riandet, A., Lelandais, L., Nathan, B., Milne, M., Masson, V., Lambert, M.-L., Armengaud, A., Turnbull, J., Yohia, C., Nicault, A., Lauvaux, T., Piazzola, J., Lac, C., Hedde, T., Robert, S., Simioni, G., Cramer, W., and Bondeau, A.: COoL-AMmetropolis : towards establishing virtuous greenhouse gas emission mitigation scenarios for 2035 in the Aix-Marseille metropolis area (France) through atmospheric top-down technics and social sciences methods in interaction with local stakeholders., EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-5930,, 2020

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