EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

New insights into the latitudinal ventilation variations in the Japan Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum: A radiolarian assemblage perspective

Zhi Dong1,2, Xuefa Shi2,3, Jianjun Zou2,3, Yanguang Liu2,3, Ruxi Dou2, and Sergey Gorbarenko4
Zhi Dong et al.
  • 1Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
  • 2First Institute of Oceanography, Qingdao, China (
  • 3Laboratory for Marine Geology, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), China
  • 4V.I. II’ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Fast Eastern Branch of RAS, Russia

The formation of intermediate and deep water plays a key role in regulating climate changes at a variety of time scales through the heat redistribution and carbon cycling. The Japan Sea has unique water-mass characteristics in the North Pacific with its own deep-water formation within the Sea itself called Japan Sea Proper Water (JSPW). Latitudinal ventilation changes in the Japan Sea were reconstructed using radiolarian assemblage from three sediment cores, extending from the southwestern, central to northwestern Japan Sea. Here, we present downcore faunal records spanning the last 25 ka as well as other existing ventilation records in the Japan Sea, and provide reliable evidence to evaluate the potential controlling mechanism that lead to onset and interruption of JSPW ventilation. Taking all together, we argue that radiolarian assemblage records have revealed a distinct basin-scale transition in deep-water conditions from anoxic to oxic during the deglaciation related to changing surface hydrography. However, it should be recognized that there is significant potential for bias in the timing of the ventilation changes among regions. Deep ventilation in the central Japan Sea has been in an interglacial mode during the Bølling/Allerød presumably related to northward volume transport of the Tsushima Warm Current. Moreover, the decrease of JSPW Assemblage at the B/A in southwestern Japan Sea was attributed to higher export productivity, facilitating suboxic deepwater condition through enhanced consumption of oxygen, which was probably caused by coastal upwelling. In contrast, the weakening ventilation of the northwestern Japan Sea during the B/A and YD periods was probably caused by the blocking effect of the sea ice. Note: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41420104005, U1606401) and National Program on Global Change and Air-Sea Interaction (GASI-GEOGE-04).

How to cite: Dong, Z., Shi, X., Zou, J., Liu, Y., Dou, R., and Gorbarenko, S.: New insights into the latitudinal ventilation variations in the Japan Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum: A radiolarian assemblage perspective, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-6266,, 2020


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