EGU General Assembly 2020
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Larger peak ground accelerations in extra-Carpathian area than in epicenter

Gheorghe Marmureanu, Florin Stefan Balan, and Alexandru Marmureanu
Gheorghe Marmureanu et al.
  • National Institute for Earth Physics, Bucurest, Romania (

Devasting ― and, in some sense, unforeseen  ―  earthquakes in Nepal, Sumatra, Haiti, Japan  and elsewhere have triggered a heated debate about the legitimity and limitations of probabilistic seismic hazard  assessment(PSHA). The authors are coming with many recorded data which will open up a new challenge to seismologists studiing nonlinear site effects in 2-D and 3-D irregular geological structures, leading them to a realistic research subject in earth physics, in nonlinear seismology. Shortly, why are we recording PGA values much higher than epicenter value? There was a need to create, for Europe, a unified framework for seismic hazard assessment and to produce a common integrated European probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) model and specific scenario based on modeling tools. The leading question is, if this is happening only in this area of Europe. Vrancea is the site of strong intermediate-depth seismicity, down to 160 – 200 km depth and large magnitudes (MW ≤ 7.9 - 8.0) and is one of the most active seismic zones in Europe. The latest strong and deep Vrancea earthquakes occurred on August 30, 1986 (Mw = 7.1; h = 131.4 km, in epicenter a=162.60 cm.s2 and at Chisinău:212 cm/s2;Focsani:310 cm/s2;Iaşi:181 cm/s2; Otopeni: 220cm/s2 etc.); May 30, 1990 (Mw = 6.9; h = 90.9 km; in epicenter: 157 cm/s2; Chişinau:189 cm/s2; Oneşti:242 cm/s2;Periş:242 cm/s2; Bolintin din Vale:219 cm/s2; Campina;271 cm/s2 etc. & May 31, 1990 (MW = 6.4; h = 86.9 km, in epicenter: a=102 cm/s2;Focşani:162 cm/s2.There are more than 200 values larger than epicenter ones. More, on October 28,2018 an earthquake (Mw=5.89 and h= 147.8 km ) generate  acceleration of 8.65 cm/s2 in epicenter Vrâncioaia and accelerations of   69 cm/s2 in Ploieşti; 65  cm/s2 in Leova - Republic of Moldova etc. Why in this part of Europe/World there are many peak ground accelerations recorded and are larger than epicenter values ?. Surface waves Rayleigh and Love waves ( A third type of surface wave, the Stonely wave propagates along an interface between two media and is more correctly an interface wave and are not dispersive, thus they decrease in amplitude with distance from the interface) are seismic waves which are guided along the surface of the earth and the layer near the surface and they do not penetrate into the deep interior.

On the other time, the Alpine Tethys was linked to the Euro-Asian back-arc basins located further east through the Moesia - Dobrogea Transform [G. G. Stampfli; guest on November 14, 2019]. It is observed along new times that in Dobrogea area the peak ground accelerations recorded in last time are smaller than epicenter ones and our Nuclear Power Plant is  safe  to strong Vrancea earthquakes. Peak ground accelerations recorded   in Muntenia, Moldova   and   Republic of   Moldova are maily larger than   Vrancioaia epicenter values (Gh.Mărmureanu, Certainties/uncertainties in hazard and seismic risk assessment of strong Vrancea earthquake. Romanian  Academy Press,2016,330 page,ISBN 978-973-27-2629-7).

How to cite: Marmureanu, G., Balan, F. S., and Marmureanu, A.: Larger peak ground accelerations in extra-Carpathian area than in epicenter, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-7215,, 2020

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