EGU2020-7377, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-7377
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Deep Learning Neural Networks with Metaheuristic Optimization Algorithms for Groundwater Contamination Vulnerability Mapping in Miryang Aquifer, South Korea

Hussam Eldin Elzain1, Sang Yong Chung2, Venkatramanan Senapathi3, and Kye-Hun Park2
Hussam Eldin Elzain et al.
  • 1Pukyong National University, Division of Earth Environmental system science, Busan, Republic of Korea, (halzain944@gmail.com)
  • 2Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro Nam-gu, Busan 48513, Korea
  • 3Department of Disaster Management Alagappa University Karaikudi - 630003Tamilnadu, India

This study aims to use an integration of genetic algorithm (GA) model and particle swarm optimization (PSO) with the Deep Learning Neural Networks (DLNN) for groundwater contamination vulnerability. Miryang, a city in the northeastern portion of Gyeongnam Province, South Korea was selected as a case study since it showed urban and rural functions and had undergone groundwater pollution. To initialize the modeling purposes, parameters such as depth to water, net recharge, topographic slope, aquifer type, impact to vadose zone, hydraulic conductivity and land use were classified into numerical classes and used as input variables. Two-hybrid models of DLNN-GA and DLNN-PSO were implemented using 95 measured nitrate concentration from monitoring wells for the training and testing of artificial neural networks. The performance of the hybrid models was evaluated by several statistical criteria of error: Mean Square Error (MSE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Mean Average Error (MAE). The hybrid vulnerability models were also validated by the Area Under the curve (AUC). DLNN-PSO showed the highest (AUC=0.974) performance in comparison with DLNN-GA (AUC=0.954) and Shallow Artificial Neural Networks model (AUC=0.70). The results showed that the proposed hybrid models were more superior than the benchmarked shallow artificial neural networks model used for groundwater contamination vulnerability mapping as a good alternative several years ago.

How to cite: Elzain, H. E., Chung, S. Y., Senapathi, V., and Park, K.-H.: Deep Learning Neural Networks with Metaheuristic Optimization Algorithms for Groundwater Contamination Vulnerability Mapping in Miryang Aquifer, South Korea, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-7377, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-7377, 2020

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