EGU2020-8290, updated on 04 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8290
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Substantial degradation in Air Quality due to Saddleworth Moor Wildfire

Ailish Graham1, James McQuaid1, Stephen Arnold1, Kirsty Pringle1, Richard Pope1,2, Martyn Chipperfield1,2, Luke Conibear1, Ed Butt1, Laura Kiely1, and Christoph Knote3
Ailish Graham et al.
  • 1University of Leeds, Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, Earth and Environment, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (ee15amg@leeds.ac.uk)
  • 2National Centre for Earth Observation, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT
  • 3Meteorological Institute, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany

On June 24th 2018 one of the largest UK wildfires in recent history broke out on Saddleworth Moor, close to Manchester, in north-west England. June 2018 was anomalously hot and dry across the UK which led to the peat on the moor drying out and becoming suscpetible to ignition. Since wildfires close to large populations in the UK have been relatively small and rare in the past, there is little knowledge about the impacts. This has prevented the development of effective strategies to reduce them. This paper uses a high-resolution coupled atmospheric-chemistry model to assess the impact of the fires on particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) air quality (AQ) across the north-west region and the subsequent impact on health from short-term exposure. We find that the fires substantially degraded AQ across the north-west. PM2.5 concentrations increased by more than 300% in Oldham and Manchester and up to 50% in areas up to 80 km away such as Liverpool, Wigan and Warrington. This led to a third of the population (4.7 million people) in the simulation domain (-4.9-0.7°E and 53.0-54.4°N) being exposed to moderate PM2.5 concentrations on at least one day, according to the Daily Air Quality Index (36-53 µg m-3), between June 23rd and 30th 2018. This equates to 4.5 million people being exposed to PM2.5 above the WHO 24-hour safe-limit exposure of 25 µg m-3 on at least one day. Using a concentration-response function we calculate the short-term health impact which indicates that up to 60% of excess mortality between June 23rd and 30th 2018 was attributable to the fires. This represents up to a 165% increase in excess mortality across the region compared to a simulation with no fires. We find the impact of mortality due to PM2.5 from the fires on the economy was also substantial (£5.5m). Thus, our results indicate the need to introduce legislation and education to both reduce the likelihood of wildfires and reduce the population’s exposure to harmful air pollutants during their occurrence. This is particularly relevant given that wildfires are projected to become more common in the future through climate change and land-use change.

How to cite: Graham, A., McQuaid, J., Arnold, S., Pringle, K., Pope, R., Chipperfield, M., Conibear, L., Butt, E., Kiely, L., and Knote, C.: Substantial degradation in Air Quality due to Saddleworth Moor Wildfire , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8290, 2020

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