EGU2020-8387, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Benthic Foraminifera as indicative of Austral Summer monsoon precipitation and winter monsoon wind-driven upwelling

Patricia Eichler1, Katharina Billups2, Ana Christina Ravelo3, and Helenice Vital4
Patricia Eichler et al.
  • 1( Universiddae do Sul de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pos Graduacao em Ciencias Ambientais
  • 2University of Delaware
  • 3Ocean Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz
  • 4Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

During IODP Expedition 363, a hemipelagic sediment succession was retrieved for the first time off NW Australia (Site U1483: 13°5.24ʹS, 121°48.25ʹE, water depth: 1733 m, sedimentation rate: ~10 cm/kyr). This carbonate- and clay-rich sequence provides an ideal archive to monitor intensity and variability of the Australian Monsoon (AM) and to better constrain monsoon sensitivity to changes in radiative forcing. Due to the location at the southern edge of the largest amplitude seasonal swing of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) within the large-scale Asian-Australian monsoon system, the AM subsystem is sensitive to tropical hydroclimate variability. However, this sensitivity to changing climate boundary conditions such as ice volume and greenhouse gas concentrations remain poorly understood across the Calabrian, in the Pleistocene Epoch (add ages?). Here we report on benthic foraminiferal assemblages as a tracer for terrigenous runoff (Austral Summer monsoon precipitation). We find shallow, fresh water-tolerant to transitional environments species Bolivina striatula, Buliminella elegantissima, Dentalina spp., Oolina sp., and paleo productivity indicator Melonis spp (winter monsoon wind-driven upwelling) from 1.34 Ma. through 1.61Ma. Principl component analysis (PCA) indicates that Melonis is present in 4 out of 5 PCA axes. It prefers organic matter in a more altered form, and migrates in the sediment depending on the quality of the organic matter supply and remineralization, which indicates surface upwelling during this time. The genera Stilostomella spp. is present in 3 out of 5 axes, and it is indicative of intermediate water temperature. These records will be compared to C org wt (%), TN wt (%) and a benthic foraminiferal stable isotope record to related faunal patterns to carbon cycling and global climate.



How to cite: Eichler, P., Billups, K., Ravelo, A. C., and Vital, H.: Benthic Foraminifera as indicative of Austral Summer monsoon precipitation and winter monsoon wind-driven upwelling, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-8387,, 2020


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