EGU2020-9348, updated on 16 Dec 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Small-scale variations of helium abundance in different large-scale solar wind structures

Alexander Khokhlachev, Maria Riazantseva, Liudmila Rakhmanova, Yuri Yermolaev, Irina Lodkina, and Georgy Zastenker
Alexander Khokhlachev et al.
  • Space Research Institute (IKI) Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia (

The boundaries between large-scale solar wind streams are often accompanied by sharp changes in helium abundance.  Wherein the high value of relative helium abundance is known as a sign of some large-scale solar wind structures ( for example magnetic clouds). Unlike the steady slow solar wind where the helium abundance is rather stable and equals ~5%, in magnetic clouds its value can grow significantly up to 20% and more, and at the same time helium component becomes more variable.  In this paper we analyze the small-scale variations of solar wind plasma parameters, including the helium abundance variations in different large-scale solar wind streams, especially in magnetic clouds and Sheath regions before them. We use rather long intervals of simultaneous measurements at Spektr-R (spectrometer BMSW) and Wind (spectrometer 3DP) spacecrafts.  We choose the intervals with rather high correlation  level of plasma parameters as a whole to be sure that we are deal with the same plasma stream.  The intervals associated with different large scale-solar wind structures are selected by using of our catalog For selected intervals we examine cross-correlation function for Spektr-R and Wind measurements  to reveal the local spatial inhomogeneities by helium abundance which can be observed only at one of spacecrafts, and we determine properties of ones. Such inhomogeneities can be generate by turbulence, which is typically getting more intense in the considered disturbed intervals in the solar wind. The work is supported by Russian Science Foundation grant 16-12-10062.

How to cite: Khokhlachev, A., Riazantseva, M., Rakhmanova, L., Yermolaev, Y., Lodkina, I., and Zastenker, G.: Small-scale variations of helium abundance in different large-scale solar wind structures, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-9348,, 2020


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