EGU2020-9786
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-9786
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Investigation of strongly enhanced methane Part I: Chemical feedbacks and rapid adjustments.

Franziska Winterstein1, Patrick Jöckel1, Martin Dameris1, Michael Ponater1, Fabian Tanalski1,2, and Laura Stecher1
Franziska Winterstein et al.
  • 1Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Germany
  • 2now at: MERPH-IP Patentanwälte PartG mbB, Munich, Germany

Methane (CH4) is the second most important greenhouse gas, which atmospheric concentration is influenced by human activities and currently on a sharp rise. We present a study with numerical simulations using a Chemistry-Climate-Model (CCM), which are performed to assess possible consequences of strongly enhanced CH4 concentrations in the Earth's atmosphere for the climate.

Our analysis includes experiments with 2xCH4 and 5xCH4 present day (2010) lower boundary mixing ratios using the CCM EMAC. The simulations are conducted with prescribed oceanic conditions, mimicking present day tropospheric temperatures as its changes are largely suppressed. By doing so we are able to investigate the quasi-instantaneous chemical impact on the atmosphere. We find that the massive increase in CH4 strongly influences the tropospheric chemistry by reducing the OH abundance and thereby extending the tropospheric CH4 lifetime as well as the residence time of other chemical pollutants. The region above the tropopause is impacted by a substantial rise in stratospheric water vapor (SWV). The stratospheric ozone (O3) column increases overall, but SWV induced stratospheric cooling also leads to enhanced ozone depletion in the Antarctic lower stratosphere. Regional  patterns of ozone change are affected by modification of stratospheric dynamics, i.e. increased tropical up-welling and stronger meridional transport  towards the polar regions. We calculate the net radiative impact (RI) of the 2xCH4 experiment to be 0.69 W m-2 and for the 5xCH4 experiment to be 1.79 W m-2. A substantial part of the RI is contributed by chemically induced O3 and SWV changes, in line with previous radiative forcing estimates and is for the first time splitted and spatially asigned to its chemical contributors.

This numerical study using a CCM with prescibed oceanic conditions shows the rapid responses to significantly enhanced CH4 mixing ratios, which is the first step towards investigating the impact of possible strong future CH4 emissions on atmospheric chemistry and its feedback on climate.

How to cite: Winterstein, F., Jöckel, P., Dameris, M., Ponater, M., Tanalski, F., and Stecher, L.: Investigation of strongly enhanced methane Part I: Chemical feedbacks and rapid adjustments., EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-9786, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-9786, 2020

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