EGU21-12559
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-12559
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Spatial and temporal variation of 13C-signature of methane emitted by a temperate mire ecosystem

Janne Rinne1, Patryk Łakomiec1, Patrik Vestin1, Per Weslien2, Julia Kelly3, Bengt Liljebladh2, Xianghua Xie4, Natascha Kljun3, Lena Ström1, and Leif Klemedtsson2
Janne Rinne et al.
  • 1Lund University, Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund, Sweden (janne.rinne@nateko.lu.se)
  • 2University of Gothenburg, Department of Earth Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 3Lund University, Centre for Environmental and Climate Science, Lund, Sweden
  • 4Swansea University, Department of Computer Science, Swansea, UK

The net methane emission of any mire ecosystem results from a combination of biological and physical processes, including methane production by archaea, methane consumption by bacteria, and transport of methane from peat to the atmosphere. The complexity of spatial and temporal behavior of methane emission is connected to these.

13C-signature of emitted methane offers us a further constraint to evaluate our hypothesis on the processes leading to the variation of methane emission rates. For example, assuming the spatial variation in methane emission rate at microtopographic scale is due to variation in trophic status or variation in methane consumption, will lead to differences in the relation of methane emission rate and its 13C-signature, expressed as δ13C.

We have measured the methane emission rates and δ13C of emitted methane by six automated chambers at a poor fen ecosystem over two growing seasons. The measurements were conducted at Mycklemossen mire (58°21'N 12°10'E, 80m a.s.l.), Sweden, during 2019-2020. In addition, we measured atmospheric surface layer methane mixing ratios and δ13C to obtain larger scale 13C-signatures by the nocturnal boundary-layer accumulation (NBL) approach. All δ13C-signatures were derived using the Keeling-plot approach.

The collected data shows spatial differences of up to 10-15 ‰ in 10-day averages of δ13C-signatures between different chamber locations. Temporal variations of 10-day average δ13C-signatures from most chamber locations reached over 5 ‰, while the temporal variation of NBL derived δ13C-signature was slightly lower.

The observed spatial variation in the δ13C-signature was somewhat systematic, indicating, especially in the middle of the summers, the main control of spatial variation of methane emission to be the trophic status. The temporal changes, measured at different locations, indicate spatial differences in the temporal dynamics at the microtopographic scale. The temporal behavior of larger scale NBL δ13C-signature does not fully correspond to the behavior of the chamber derived average δ13C-signature.

How to cite: Rinne, J., Łakomiec, P., Vestin, P., Weslien, P., Kelly, J., Liljebladh, B., Xie, X., Kljun, N., Ström, L., and Klemedtsson, L.: Spatial and temporal variation of 13C-signature of methane emitted by a temperate mire ecosystem, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-12559, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-12559, 2021.

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