EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Control of chemically-driven convective dissolution by differential diffusion effects

Mamta Jotkar1,2, Laurence Rongy1, and Anne De Wit1
Mamta Jotkar et al.
  • 1Université libre de Bruxelles, Nonlinear Physical Chemistry Unit, Belgium
  • 2Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, E.T.S.I. de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Spain

We numerically study the effect of differential diffusion in chemically-driven convective dissolution that can occur upon the reaction of a dissolving species A in a host phase when the chemical reaction destabilizes an otherwise stable density stratification. For example, an A+B→C reaction is known to trigger such convection when, upon dissolution into the host solution, A reacts with B present in the solution to produce C if the difference between C and B in the contribution to the solution density is above a critical threshold. We show that differential diffusivities impact the convective dynamics substantially giving rise to additional convective effects below the reaction front, where C is generated. More specifically, we show that below the reaction front either double-diffusive or diffusive-layer convection can arise, modifying the local Rayleigh-Taylor instability. When B diffuses faster than C, a double-diffusive instability can develop below the reaction front, accelerating the convective dynamics and conversely, when B diffuses slower than C, diffusive-layer convection modes stabilize the dynamics compared to the equal diffusivity case. Our results are relevant for various geological applications or engineering set-ups that involve non-reactive stable density stratifications where transport can be enhanced by reaction-induced convection.

How to cite: Jotkar, M., Rongy, L., and De Wit, A.: Control of chemically-driven convective dissolution by differential diffusion effects, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-8718,, 2021.

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