The interplay between chemical and transport processes can give rise to complex reaction fronts dynamics, whose understanding is crucial in a wide variety of environmental, hydrological and biological processes, among others. An important class of reactions is A+B->C processes, where A and B are two initially segregated miscible reactants that produce C upon contact. Depending on the nature of the reactants and on the transport processes that they undergo, this class of reaction describes a broad set of phenomena, including combustion, atmospheric reactions, calcium carbonate precipitation and more. Due to the complexity of the coupled chemical-hydrodynamic systems, theoretical studies generally deal with the particular case of reactants undergoing passive advection and molecular diffusion. A restricted number of different geometries have been studied, including uniform rectilinear , 2D radial  and 3D spherical  fronts. By symmetry considerations, these systems are effectively 1D.
Here, we consider a 3D axis-symmetric confined system in which a reactant A is injected radially into a sea of B and both species are transported by diffusion and passive non-uniform advection. The advective field vr(r,z) describes a radial Poiseuille flow. We find that the front dynamics is defined by three distinct temporal regimes, which we characterize analytically and numerically. These are i) an early-time regime where the amount of mixing is small and the dynamics is transport-dominated, ii) a strongly non-linear transient regime and iii) a long-time regime that exhibits Taylor-like dispersion, for which the system dynamics is similar to the 2D radial case.
Fig. 1: Concentration profile of the product C in the transient (left) and asymptotic (right) regimes.
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