EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Comparison of Competing Invasion-Percolation Models for Simulation of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media 

Ishani Banerjee1,2, Anneli Guthke1, Kevin Mumford3, and Wolfgang Nowak1
Ishani Banerjee et al.
  • 1IWS/LS3, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany (
  • 2RTG-1829 , Integrated Hydrosystem Modelling (funded by DFG)
  • 3Department of Civil Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, Ellis Hall-206, ON K7L3N6, Canada.

Invasion-Percolation (IP) models are used to simulate multiphase flow in porous media across various scales (from pore-scale IP to Macro-IP). Numerous variations of IP models have emerged; here we are interested in simulating gas flow in a water-saturated porous medium. Gas flow in porous media occurs either as a continuous or as a discontinuous flow, depending on the rate of flow and the nature of the porous medium. A particular IP model version may be well suited for predictions in a specific gas flow regime, but not applicable to other regimes. Our research aims to compare various macro-scale versions of IP models existing in the literature and rank their performance in relevant gas flow regimes.

We test the performance of Macro-IP models on a range of gas-injection rates in water-saturated sand experiments, including both continuous and discontinuous flow regimes. The experimental data is obtained as a time series of images using the light transmission technique. To represent pore-scale heterogeneities of sand, we let each model version run on several random realizations of the initial entry pressure field. As a metric for ranking the models, we introduce a diffused version of the so-called Jaccard index (adapted from image analysis and object recognition). We average this metric over time and over all realizations per model version to evaluate each model’s overall performance. This metric may also be used to calibrate model parameters such as gas saturation. 

Our proposed approach evaluates the performance of competing IP model versions in different gas-flow regimes objectively and quantitatively, and thus provides guidance on their applicability under specific conditions. Moreover, our comparison method is not limited to gas-water phase systems in porous media but generalizes to any modelling situation accompanied by spatially and temporally highly resolved data.

How to cite: Banerjee, I., Guthke, A., Mumford, K., and Nowak, W.: Comparison of Competing Invasion-Percolation Models for Simulation of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-8826,, 2021.

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