EGU22-10050
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-10050
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Modelling climate-substrate interactions in microbial SOC decomposition

Marleen Pallandt1,2, Bernhard Ahrens1, Marion Schrumpf1, Holger Lange3, Sönke Zaehle1, and Markus Reichstein1
Marleen Pallandt et al.
  • 1Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Bio-Geochemical Integration, Jena, Germany
  • 2International Max Planck Research School for Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Jena, Germany
  • 3Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, Ås, Norway

Soil organic carbon (SOC) is the largest terrestrial carbon pool. However, it is still uncertain how it will respond to climate change in the 21st century. Especially SOC losses due to soil warming are a source of uncertainty. It is generally accepted that microbially driven SOC decomposition will increase with warming, provided that sufficient assimilable substrate is available. Sorption to mineral surfaces or the soil moisture-dependent diffusion of substrates to microbial cells can limit substrate availability. Substrate supply is therefore a potentially rate limiting step for the temperature response of SOC decomposition.

In SOC decomposition models, the combined effects of temperature and soil moisture on the decomposition rate can be represented by the Dual Arrhenius Michaelis-Menten (DAMM) model (Davidson et al. 2012). For any substrate (S), it describes the reaction velocity V = Vmax [S]/(kMS+ [S]), where [S] is the substrate concentration and kMS is the half-saturation constant. The maximum reaction velocity, Vmax, is temperature dependent and follows an Arrhenius function. Also, a positive correlation between temperature and kM-values of different enzymes has been empirically shown, with Q10 values ranging from 0.71-2.8 (Allison et al., 2018). As kMS appears in the denominator of the Michaelis-Menten equation, an increase in kMS leads to a lower reaction velocity (V) and V would become less temperature sensitive at low substrate concentrations.

Besides temperature, substrate concentration [S] depends on soil moisture content. In a dry soil, substrate diffusion to the microbial surface is limited, whereas in a very wet soil, reduced oxygen availability can lower the reaction velocity (V). Changes in substrate supply in drying/(re)wetting soils coincide with changes in temperature which directly interact with the temperature sensitivities of Vmax and kMS. These interactions can have consequences for decomposition rates in the topsoil versus the deeper soil, since substrate concentrations and temperature are generally higher in the topsoil, but moisture could be more important for substrate limitation. In contrast, in the deep soil, soil moisture might be more available but substrate concentrations (and potentially soil temperatures) might be lower.

This study focuses on this interaction between climate change and substrate availability by comparing two model experiments: 1) a modelling experiment where only Vmax is temperature sensitive and 2) one where both Vmax and kMS are temperature sensitive. We also investigate the consequences of the counteracting temperature sensitivities of Vmax and kMS among a substrate gradient, and at different soil temperatures and soil moisture ranges. Finally, we look at dynamic changes in substrate supply, temperature sensitivities and changes in soil moisture and their effects on SOC decomposition in a microbially explicit dynamic SOC decomposition model which also includes organo-mineral interactions.

How to cite: Pallandt, M., Ahrens, B., Schrumpf, M., Lange, H., Zaehle, S., and Reichstein, M.: Modelling climate-substrate interactions in microbial SOC decomposition, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10050, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-10050, 2022.