EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Storm-resolving simulations with IFS-NEMO/FESOM in the NextGEMS project

Thomas Rackow1,2, Tobias Becker1, Xabier Pedruzo Bagazgoitia1, Irina Sandu1, Lorenzo Zampieri3, Florian Ziemen4, and the ECMWF-AWI Team*
Thomas Rackow et al.
  • 1European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
  • 2Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), Climate Dynamics, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 3National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • 4Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum (DKRZ), Hamburg, Germany
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

We give an overview of the global coupled storm-resolving simulations performed so far with IFS-NEMO and IFS-FESOM2 for the H2020 Next Generation Earth Modelling Systems (NextGEMS) project. The project aims to build a new generation of eddy- and storm-resolving global coupled Earth System Models. Such models will constitute the substrate for prototype digital twins of Earth as envisioned in the EU’s ambitious Destination Earth project.

NextGEMS relies on several model development cycles, in which the models are run and improved based on feedback from the analysis of successive runs. In an initial set of storm-resolving coupled simulations, the models were integrated for 75 days, starting in January 2020. ECMWF’s Integrated Forecasting System (IFS) has been run at 9km and 4km global spatial resolution. The runs at 9km were performed with the deep convection parametrization, while at 4km, the IFS was run with and without the deep convection parametrization. So far, the underlying ocean models NEMO and FESOM2 were run on an eddy-permitting 0.25° resolution grid in a single-executable configuration with IFS. Based on the analysis by project partners during a Hackathon organised in October, several key issues were identified both in the runs with IFS, and in those run with the second storm-resolving coupled model developed in NextGEMS, ICON.

We will describe the model improvements made to IFS-NEMO/FESOM based on the lessons learned from the first runs, which will be included for the second round of simulations. These mainly consist in vastly improved conservation properties of the coupled model systems in terms of water and energy balance, which are crucial for longer climate integrations, and in a much more realistic representation of the snow and surface drag. The second round of NextGEMS simulations will also target eddy-resolving resolution in large parts of the global ocean (better than 8km) to resolve mesoscale eddies and leads in sea ice. This is thanks to a refactored FESOM2 ocean model code that allows for efficient coupled simulations in the single-executable context with IFS via hybrid parallelization with MPI and OpenMP.


Gabriele Arduini (1), Gianpaolo Balsamo (1), Peter Bechtold (1), Michail Diamantakis (1), Peter Dueben (1), Richard Forbes (1), Helge F. Goessling (2), Ioan Hadade (1), Jan Hegewald (2), Thomas Jung (2), Nikolay Koldunov (2), Kristian Mogensen (1), Inna Polichtchouk (1), Christopher Roberts (1), Patrick Scholz (2), Tido Semmler (2), Dmitry Sidorenko (2), Nils Wedi (1)

How to cite: Rackow, T., Becker, T., Pedruzo Bagazgoitia, X., Sandu, I., Zampieri, L., and Ziemen, F. and the ECMWF-AWI Team: Storm-resolving simulations with IFS-NEMO/FESOM in the NextGEMS project, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10757,, 2022.


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