EGU22-11452, updated on 28 Mar 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11452
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

High summer precipitation reduces soil methane sink capacity and alters decomposition processes in a mature temperate forest

Katy Faulkner1, Simon Oakley2, Sally Hilton1, Kelly Mason2, Sami Ullah3, Christopher van der Gast4, Niall McNamara2, and Gary Bending1
Katy Faulkner et al.
  • 1University of Warwick, School of Life Sciences, United Kingdom of Great Britain, CV4 7AL (katy.faulkner@warwick.ac.uk)
  • 2UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster, United Kingdom of Great Britain, LA1 4AP
  • 3University of Birmingham, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, United Kingdom of Great Britain, B15 2TT
  • 4Manchester Metropolitan University, Department of Life Sciences, United Kingdom of Great Britain, M1 5GD

Climate change is expected to alter global precipitation patterns, with unknown impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Temperate forests are one of the largest terrestrial carbon stocks, acting as sinks for greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane thus playing a major role in ameliorating global warming. Predicted changes to precipitation intensity, duration and timing under future climates are likely to result in the alteration of soil moisture dynamics in forest soils. This will impact soil microbial functions, with shifts from oxic to hypoxic or anoxic conditions which could affect microbial metabolism and microbially-mediated nutrient cycling. The impacts of these changes on the terrestrial carbon balance under current and future atmospheric carbon dioxide levels is currently not known. Here, we use a novel in situ approach to simulate high rainfall in soil mesocosms within a mature temperate oak-dominated (Quercus robur) forest in Staffordshire, UK (Birmingham Institute of Forest Research Free-Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment facility) where atmospheric CO2 levels are elevated 150 ppm above ambient levels. We show that an 8-week period of elevated rainfall and volumetric soil moisture (~ 30% increase in amended mesocosms vs controls) had significant impacts on soil functioning. The forest soil methane sink was significantly reduced in the high rainfall treated soils by ~ 21-67%, resulting in greater methane accumulation in the atmosphere, with no recovery 4 weeks post-event. Using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing and qPCR approaches, we show how bacterial and archaeal diversity respond to altered precipitation regimes and show significant changes in the abundance of methanotrophic and methanogenic communities. The activities of soil extracellular enzymes, involved in the breakdown of organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus compounds, were reduced during the high rainfall treatment. Our results demonstrate that important climate feedbacks could occur during modest alterations in precipitation which should be considered in climate models and forestry management plans.

How to cite: Faulkner, K., Oakley, S., Hilton, S., Mason, K., Ullah, S., van der Gast, C., McNamara, N., and Bending, G.: High summer precipitation reduces soil methane sink capacity and alters decomposition processes in a mature temperate forest, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-11452, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11452, 2022.

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