EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Analysis and Modelling of 2009-2013 Unrest Episodes at Campi Flegrei Caldera

Raffaele Castaldo, Giuseppe Solaro, and Pietro Tizzani
Raffaele Castaldo et al.
  • Institute for electromagnetic sensing of the environment (IREA), CNR, Naples, Italy (

Geodetic modelling is a valuable tool to infer volume and geometry of volcanic source system; it represents a key procedure for detecting and characterizing unrest and eruption episodes. In this study, we analyse the 2009–2013 uplift phenomenon at Campi Flegrei (CF) caldera in terms of spatial and temporal variations of the stress/strain field due to the effect of the retrieved inflating source. We start by performing a 3D stationary finite element (FE) modelling of geodetic datasets to retrieve the geometry and location of the deformation source. The geometry of FE domain takes into account both the topography and the bathymetry of the whole caldera. For what concern the definition of domain elastic parameters, we take into account the Vp/Vs distribution from seismic tomography. We optimize our model parameters by exploiting two different geodetic datasets: the GPS data and DInSAR measurements. The modelling results suggest that the best-fit source is a three-axis oblate spheroid ~3 km deep, similar to a sill-like body. Furthermore, in order to verify the reliability of the geometry model results, we calculate the Total Horizontal Derivative (THD) of the vertical velocity component and compare it with those performed with the DInSAR measurements. Subsequently, starting from the same FE modelling domain, we explore a 3D time-dependent FE model, comparing the spatial and temporal distribution of the shear stress and volumetric strain with the seismic swarms beneath the caldera. Finally, We found that low values of shear stress are observed corresponding with the shallow hydrothermal system where low-magnitude earthquakes occur, whereas high values of shear stress are found at depths of about 3 km, where high-magnitude earthquakes nucleate.

How to cite: Castaldo, R., Solaro, G., and Tizzani, P.: Analysis and Modelling of 2009-2013 Unrest Episodes at Campi Flegrei Caldera, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-11493,, 2022.