EGU22-13318
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-13318
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Historical precipitation regimes structure the growth of soil microorganisms in three California annual grasslands

Megan Foley1, Steven Blazewicz2, Karis McFarlane2, Alex Greenlon3, Michaela Hayer1, Jeffrey Kimbrel2, Benjamin Koch1, Victoria Monsaint-Queeney1, Keith Morrisson2, Ember Morrissey4, Jennifer Pett-Ridge2, and Bruce Hungate1
Megan Foley et al.
  • 1Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff AZ, USA
  • 2Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
  • 3Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley CA, USA
  • 4Division of Plant and Soil Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA

Earth system models project altered precipitation regimes across much of the globe. Soil microorganisms in Mediterranean climates must withstand both direct physiological stress during prolonged periods of low soil moisture and be able to compete for resources when seasonal rains return and plant growth resumes5. However, we do not have a mechanistic understanding of how altered soil moisture regimes affect microbial population dynamics and in turn how this will affect soil carbon (C) persistence.

We used quantitative stable isotope probing (qSIP) to compare total and growing soil microbial communities across three California annual grassland ecosystems with Mediterranean climates that span a rainfall gradient and have developed from similar parent material. Sampling was conducted during the wet season, when environmental conditions were most similar across the sites. We assessed multiple edaphic variables, including the radiocarbon (14C) age of soil C. We hypothesized that the long-term legacy effect of soil water limitation would be reflected in lower community growth capacity at the driest site. We also predicted that actively growing communities would be more compositionally similar across the gradient than the total (active + inactive) microbiome.

Community and phylum mean bacterial growth rates increased from the driest site to the intermediate site, and rates were similar at the intermediate and wettest sites. These differences were persistent across major phyla, including the Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Proteobacteria. Additionally, soil C at the driest site was younger than the wet or intermediate sites. The microbial families that grew fastest at the driest site include taxa that have been described as having traits that are advantageous for surviving dry spells, such as spore formation, polyhydroxyalkanoate accumulation, carotenoid biosynthesis, extracellular polymeric substances production, and trehalose synthesis. Microbial communities at the driest site displayed phylogenetic clustering, suggesting environmental filtering for slow-growing microbial taxa that can withstand water stress at this site. Taxonomic identity was a strong predictor of growth, such that the growth rates of a taxon at one site predicted its growth rates at the others. We think this finding reflects the influence of genetic and physiological constraints on growth which appear to persist across rainfall gradients, edaphic properties, and biological communities. Lastly, we found that actively growing taxa represented (28-58%) of the taxa comprising total communities and that the composition of growing and total communities were similar. The finding that the growing communities were just a subset of the total microbiome, despite environmental conditions being favorable for growth, raises questions about the mechanisms maintaining soil microbial diversity in ecosystems with Mediterannean-type climates.

How to cite: Foley, M., Blazewicz, S., McFarlane, K., Greenlon, A., Hayer, M., Kimbrel, J., Koch, B., Monsaint-Queeney, V., Morrisson, K., Morrissey, E., Pett-Ridge, J., and Hungate, B.: Historical precipitation regimes structure the growth of soil microorganisms in three California annual grasslands, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-13318, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-13318, 2022.

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