EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Gravity and magnetic fields of Mars - new findings

Jaroslav Klokocnik1, Gunther Kletetschka2,3, Jan Kostelecky4,5, Ales Bezdek1, and Kurosh Karimi2
Jaroslav Klokocnik et al.
  • 1Astronomical Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Ondrejov, Czechia (
  • 2Department of Applied Geophysics, Charles University, Albertov 6, Praha 2, Czech Republic
  • 3Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 903 N Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, AK, USA
  • 4Research Institute of Geodesy, Topography and Cartography, CZ 250 66 Zdiby 98, Czech Republic
  • 5Faculty of Mining and Geology, VSB-TU Ostrava, CZ 708 33 Ostrava, Czech Republic

A search for water on Mars is an important part of a space program. Water is likely to be contained not only in the polar caps but also deposited further away from the polar regions, specifically in the so called “fretted terrain” (near dichotomy boundary between the lowlands and highlands), in the northern lowlands, and elsewhere.  Here we attempt to reconstruct a northern paleo-ocean, using the gravity aspects and locations of features of the fretted terrain as constraints for paleo-seashore. Valles Marineris would contain water that would flow into this ocean. We use recent data on the gravity and magnetic fields of Mars and create from them the gravity aspects and magnetic field proxies computed from the recent gravity and magnetic models JGMRO_120F (Konopliv et al., 2020) and (Connerney et al., 2005; Langlais et al., 2019). We discovered that Isidis, based on gravity aspects, has many volcano-like characteristics despite the traditional view of this structure being an impact related. We note asymmetric positions of Martian polar caps that seem to be related to the magnetic field distribution and we propose a new hypothesis that polar cap accumulation relates to a plasmasphere interaction with the solar wind.  Analysis of the detection of direction of the impactor arrival for Hellas impact basin along with the gravity aspects (namely the strike angles) suggested  that not only the impact likely generated a reset of the global plum activity (that changed the overall unicellular convection pattern into the bicellular convection) but also note the possibility that the magnetic maxima in the polar region could be paleoindicators of the offset by this impact event so that the rotational poles have an offset from the magnetic poles.


How to cite: Klokocnik, J., Kletetschka, G., Kostelecky, J., Bezdek, A., and Karimi, K.: Gravity and magnetic fields of Mars - new findings, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-1708,, 2022.