EGU22-6374, updated on 10 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Geochemical monitoring of the Tenerife North-East and North West Rift Zones by means of diffuse degassing surveys

Lía Pitti Pimienta, Fátima Rodríguez, María Asensio-Ramos, Gladys Melián, Daniel Di Nardo, Alba Martín-Lorenzo, Mar Alonso, Rubén García-Hernández, Víctor Ortega, David Martínez Van Dorth, María Cordero, Tai Albertos, Pedro A. Hernández, and Nemesio M. Pérez
Lía Pitti Pimienta et al.
  • Instituto Tecnológico y de Energías Renovables (ITER), 38600 Granadilla de Abona, Tenerife, Canary Islands

Tenerife (2,034 km2), the largest island of the Canarian archipelago, is characterized by three volcanic rifts NW-SE, NE-SW and N-S oriented, with a central volcanic structure in the middle, Las Cañadas Caldera, hosting Teide-Pico Viejo volcanic complex. The North-West Rift-Zone (NWRZ) is one of the youngest and most active volcanic systems of the island, where three historical eruptions (Boca Cangrejo in 16th Century, Arenas Negras in 1706 and Chinyero in 1909) have occurred, whereas the North-East Rift-Zone (NERZ) is more complex than the others due to the existence of Pedro Gil stratovolcano that broke the main NE-SW structure 0.8 Ma ago. The most recent eruptive activity along the NERZ took place during 1704 and 1705 across 13 km of fissural eruption in Siete Fuentes (Arafo-Fasnia). To monitor potential volcanic activity through a multidisciplinary approach, diffuse degassing studies have been carried out since 2000 at the NWRZ (72 km2) and since 2001 at the NERZ (210 km2) in a yearly basis. Long-term variations in the diffuse CO2 output in the NWRZ have shown a temporal correlation with the onsets of seismic activity at Tenerife, supporting unrest of the volcanic system, as is also suggested by anomalous seismic activity recorded in the studied area during April, 2004 and October, 2016 (Hernández et al., 2017). In-situ measurements of CO2 efflux from the surface environment were performed according to the accumulation chamber method using a portable non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) sensor. Soil CO2 efflux values for the 2021 survey ranged between non-detectable values and 104 g·m-2·d-1, with an average value of 8 g·m-2·d-1 for NWRZ. For NERZ, soil CO2 efflux values ranged between non-detectable values and 79 g·m2·d-1, with an average value of 7 g·m-2·d-1. The probability plot technique applied to the data allowed to distinguish different geochemical populations. Background population represented 49.2% and 74.0% of the total data for NWRZ and NERZ, respectively, with a mean value (1.7 - 2.0 g·m-2·d-1) similar to the background values calculated for other volcanic systems in the Canary Islands with similar soils, vegetation and climate (Hernández et al. 2017). Peak population represented 0.9 and 0.7% for NWRZ and NERZ, respectively and with a mean value of 45 and 57 g·m-2·d-1. Soil CO2 efflux contour maps were constructed to identify spatial-temporal anomalies and to quantify the total CO2 emission using the sequential Gaussian simulation (sGs) interpolation method. Diffuse emission rate of 506 ± 22 t·d-1 for NWRZ and 1,509 ± 58 t·d-1 NERZ were obtained. The normalized CO2 emission value by area was estimated in 7.03 t·d-1·km-1 for NWRZ and in 7.2 t·d-1·km-1 for NERZ. The monitorization of the diffuse CO2 emission contributes to detect early warning signals of volcanic unrest, especially in areas where visible degassing is non-existent as in the Tenerife NWRZ and NERZ.

Hernández et al. (2017). Bull Volcanol, 79:30, DOI 10.1007/s00445-017-1109-9.

How to cite: Pitti Pimienta, L., Rodríguez, F., Asensio-Ramos, M., Melián, G., Di Nardo, D., Martín-Lorenzo, A., Alonso, M., García-Hernández, R., Ortega, V., Martínez Van Dorth, D., Cordero, M., Albertos, T., Hernández, P. A., and Pérez, N. M.: Geochemical monitoring of the Tenerife North-East and North West Rift Zones by means of diffuse degassing surveys, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-6374,, 2022.


Display file