EGU23-1096, updated on 11 May 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Assessment of aerosols over five cities of Angola based on MERRA-2 reanalysis data

Pascoal Campos1, José Pires2, and Anabela Leitão3
Pascoal Campos et al.
  • 1CNIC - National Centre for Scientific Research, Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation, Luanda, Angola (
  • 2LEPABE - Laboratory for Process Engineering, Environment, Biotechnology and Energy, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal
  • 3LESRA - Advanced Studies and Research Centre on Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Agostinho Neto University, Luanda, Angola.

The use of Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) has been proven as an alternative to the traditional ground-level monitoring of air quality in many countries across the world. Therefore, this study based on MERRA-2 data aims: (i) to characterize the spatiotemporal and component variations of aerosols in the atmosphere over the capital cities (Luanda, Sumbe, Benguela, Huambo and Lubango) of the five most densely populated provinces of Angola from 2010 to 2020; (ii) to analyze the relationship between the monthly mean variation of the total AOD and the meteorological parameters (precipitation, temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity) in those five cities; and (iii) to assess the influence of emissions from the Nyamuragira volcano, located in the Democratic Republic of Congo, on the air quality at the five cities. The most significant contribution to the total AOD was derived from organic carbon, in all the cities, whereby the highest values (0.19 - 0.23) were in Luanda. Ranges of sulphates across the coastal cities were higher when compared to the interior cities caused by the emissions inventory data. The value of AOD in all the cities increased and reached the peak during the dry season. The HYSPLIT model showed that air masses from Nyamuragira at various heights in November 2011 reached Luanda and Sumbe, and CALIPSO could confirm the existence of volcanic aerosols in this same period. This study allowed to conclude that the variability of AOD loading depends on seasons and regions, thus providing a little more information about the matter.

How to cite: Campos, P., Pires, J., and Leitão, A.: Assessment of aerosols over five cities of Angola based on MERRA-2 reanalysis data, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-1096,, 2023.