EGU23-11330, updated on 26 Feb 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Shear-slip and Complex Fracturing by CO2 Injection in Naturally Fractured Granite at Geothermal Conditions

Eko Pramudyo, Ryota Goto, Kiyotoshi Sakaguchi, and Noriaki Watanabe
Eko Pramudyo et al.
  • Department of Environmental Studies for Advanced Society, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan (

Previous studies showed that cloud-fracture networks (CFNs), networks of permeable microfractures densely distributed over rock body, formed in granite at superhot geothermal conditions (> ~400 °C) through the stimulation of pre-existing microfractures by low-viscosity water near and above its critical temperature. The CFNs were also shown to form in granite at conventional (~150 – 300 °C) and superhot geothermal conditions by injection of low-viscosity CO2, through the same mechanism as that by low-viscosity water at superhot geothermal conditions. The stimulation of pre-existing microfractures by the low-viscosity CO2 implied that CFNs may be formed in the matrix (i.e., unfractured rock) of naturally-fractured conventional and superhot geothermal environments, where conventional bi-winged hydraulic fractures are known to be difficult to be achieved by injection of cold water. The present study illustrates the possibility of CFN formations in naturally-fractured geothermal environments, along with the shear-slip of the natural fractures, through CO2-injection experiments into cylindrical granite samples, each contained a sawcut (representing a natural fracture) inclined from the sample axis, under geothermal conditions. The experiments show that CO2 injection induced a larger cumulative shear displacement on the sawcut at conventional geothermal condition than at superhot geothermal condition. CFNs were formed at conventional and superhot geothermal conditions; nonetheless, the fracture-apertures were thinner for the CFN formed at conventional geothermal condition. The results imply that CFNs may be formed in naturally fractured geothermal environments, and may provide additional fluid-flow paths between the stimulated natural fractures.

How to cite: Pramudyo, E., Goto, R., Sakaguchi, K., and Watanabe, N.: Shear-slip and Complex Fracturing by CO2 Injection in Naturally Fractured Granite at Geothermal Conditions, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-11330,, 2023.